• A First-in-Class Clinical G-Quadruplex-Targeting Drug. The Bench-to-Bedside Translation of the Fluoroquinolone QQ58 to CX-5461 (Pidnarulex).
    • Xu H, Hurley LH.
    • Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2022 Oct 1:129016. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2022.129016. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review

    Original research:

    Results of the phase I CCTG IND.231 trial of CX-5461 in patients with advanced solid tumors enriched for DNA-repair deficiencies.

    Identifier: NCT04890613: Study of CX-5461 in Patients With Solid Tumours and BRCA1/2, PALB2 or Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) Mutation. (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    • Unpaved roads: How the DNA damage response navigates endogenous genotoxins.
    • Thada V, Greenberg RA.
    • DNA Repair (Amst). 2022 Oct;118:103383. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2022.103383. Epub 2022 Aug 2.
    • Review
    • Clinicogenomic characteristics and synthetic lethal implications of germline homologous recombination-deficient HCC.
    • An J, Oh JH, Oh B, Oh YJ, Ju JS, Kim W, Kang HJ, Sung CO, Shim JH.
    • Hepatology. 2022 Sep 30. doi: 10.1002/hep.32812. Epub ahead of print.
    • Durable response to olaparib combined low-dose cisplatin in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with FANCA mutation: A case report.
    • Lai YH, Tung KC, Chen SC.
    • Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Sep 30;101(39):e30719. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000030719.
    • Recent advances in cancer therapy using PARP inhibitors.
    • Kaur SD, Chellappan DK, Aljabali AA, Tambuwala M, Dua K, Kapoor DN.
    • Med Oncol. 2022 Sep 30;39(12):241. doi: 10.1007/s12032-022-01840-7.
    • Review
    • Targeting Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Ovarian Cancer with PARP Inhibitors: Synthetic Lethal Strategies That Impact Overall Survival.
    • Xie T, Dickson KA, Yee C, Ma Y, Ford CE, Bowden NA, Marsh DJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Sep 23;14(19):4621. doi: 10.3390/cancers14194621.
    • Preclinical and clinical trial results using Talazoparib and Low-Dose Chemotherapy.
    • Wainberg ZA, Singh AS, Konecny GE, McCann KE, Hecht JR, Goldman J, Chmielowski B, Finn RS, O'Brien N, von Euw E, Price MM, Martinez D, Yonemoto L, Brennan M, Glaspy JA, Slamon DJ.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2022 Sep 22:CCR-22-1553. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-22-1553. Epub ahead of print.
    • Niraparib-induced STAT3 inhibition increases its antitumor effects.
    • Yu HE, Rodriguez-Rodriguez L, Zhao Q, Kohut A, Li YJ, Martincuks A, Austria T, Zhang C, Santiago NL, Borrero RM, Phan XT, Melstrom L.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Sep 21;12:966492. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.966492.
    • Novel approach of desensitization in allergic reaction to Olaparib.
    • Beurer BM, Sprenger LM, Graneß K, Feldmann F, Warnke U, Biersack MG, Fischer D.
    • J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2022 Sep 21:10781552221124041. doi: 10.1177/10781552221124041. Epub ahead of print.
    • Case report
    • Merck KGaA, Nerviano Enter License Agreement for PARP1 Inhibitor NMS-293.
    • [No author given]
    • Precision Oncology News. 2022 Sep 21.

    Identifier: NCT04182516: Study of NMS-03305293 in Pts With Selected Advanced/Metastatic Solid Tumors. (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    • TSG101 associates with PARP1 and is essential for PARylation and DNA damage-induced NF-?B activation.
    • Tufan AB, Lazarow K, Kolesnichenko M, Sporbert A, von Kries JP, Scheidereit C.
    • EMBO J. 2022 Sep 20:e110372. doi: 10.15252/embj.2021110372. Epub ahead of print.
    • KP372-1-Induced AKT Hyperactivation Blocks DNA Repair to Synergize With PARP Inhibitor Rucaparib via Inhibiting FOXO3a/GADD45a Pathway.
    • Jiang L, Liu Y, Su X, Wang J, Zhao Y, Tumbath S, Kilgore JA, Williams NS, Chen Y, Wang X, Mendonca MS, Lu T, Fu YX, Huang X.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Sep 20;12:976292. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.976292.
    • Patient-Associated Risk Factors for Severe Anemia in Patients with Advanced Ovarian or Breast Cancer Receiving Olaparib Monotherapy: A Multicenter Retrospective Study.
    • Tashiro R, Kawazoe H, Mamishin K, Seto K, Udagawa R, Saito Y, Hashimoto H, Shimoi T, Yonemori K, Yonemura M, Terakado H, Kawasaki T, Furukawa T, Nakamura T.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Sep 16;12:898150. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.898150.
    • Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Rucaparib.
    • Liao M, Beltman J, Giordano H, Harding TC, Maloney L, Simmons AD, Xiao JJ.
    • Clin Pharmacokinet. 2022 Sep 15. doi: 10.1007/s40262-022-01157-8. Epub ahead of print.
    • Imaging Agent May Have Potential as Noninvasive Test to Predict PARP Inhibitor Response.
    • Hopkins C.
    • Precision Oncology News. 2022 Sep 13.
    • Study: PARP inhibitor treatment for metastatic prostate cancer shows most benefit in men with inherited BRCA mutations.
    • [No author given]
    • FORCE. XRAY. 2022 Sep 6.

    Original research:

    Niraparib in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and DNA repair gene defects (GALAHAD): a multicentre, open-label, phase 2 trial.

    • Tumor Immune Microenvironment Changes by Multiplex Immunofluorescence Staining in a Pilot Study of Neoadjuvant Talazoparib for Early-Stage Breast Cancer Patients with a Hereditary BRCA Mutation.
    • Kumar T, Hobbs E, Yang F, Chang JT, Contreras A, Cuentas ERP, Garber H, Lee S, Lu Y, Scoggins ME, Adrada BE, Whitman GJ, Arun BK, Mittendorf EA, Litton JK.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2022 Sep 1;28(17):3669-3676. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-1278.
    • BAP1-defficient breast cancer in a patient with BAP1 cancer syndrome.
    • Blatnik A, Ribnikar D, Šetrajcic Dragoš V, Novakovic S, Stegel V, Grcar Kuzmanov B, Boc N, Peric B, Škerl P, Klancar G, Krajc M.
    • Breast Cancer. 2022 Sep;29(5):921-927. doi: 10.1007/s12282-022-01354-0. Epub 2022 Apr 5.
    • Upregulation of CXCL1 and LY9 contributes to BRCAness in ovarian cancer and mediates response to PARPi and immune checkpoint blockade.
    • Chen T, Yu T, Zhuang S, Geng Y, Xue J, Wang J, Ai L, Chen B, Zhao Z, Li Y, Wang J, Liang H, Xu Y, Gu Y.
    • Br J Cancer. 2022 Sep;127(5):916-926. doi: 10.1038/s41416-022-01836-0. Epub 2022 May 26.
    • Reconsidering the mechanisms of action of PARP inhibitors based on clinical outcomes.
    • Onji H, Murai J.
    • Cancer Sci. 2022 Sep;113(9):2943-2951. doi: 10.1111/cas.15477. Epub 2022 Jul 16.
    • Catastrophic chemotherapy toxicity leading to diagnosis of Fanconi anaemia due to FANCD1/BRCA2 during adulthood: description of an emerging phenotype.
    • Ip E, McNeil C, Grimison P, Scheinberg T, Tudini E, Ho G, Scott RJ, Brown C, Sandroussi C, Guitera P, Spurdle AB, Goodwin A.
    • J Med Genet. 2022 Sep;59(9):912-915. doi: 10.1136/jmedgenet-2021-108072. Epub 2021 Oct 25.
    • Case report
    • Comprehensive Analysis of Adverse Events Induced by PARP Inhibitors Using JADER and Time to Onset.
    • Yamaoka K, Fujiwara M, Uchida M, Uesawa Y, Muroi N, Shimizu T.
    • Life (Basel). 2022 Aug 31;12(9):1355. doi: 10.3390/life12091355.
    • Homologous Recombination Deficiency Scar: Mutations and Beyond—Implications for Precision Oncology.
    • van der Wiel AMA, Schuitmaker L, Cong Y, Theys J, Van Hoeck A, Vens C, Lambin P, Yaromina A, Dubois LJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Aug 27;14(17):4157. doi: 10.3390/cancers14174157.
    • PARP inhibitor resistance in breast and gynecological cancer: Resistance mechanisms and combination therapy strategies.
    • Wang N, Yang Y, Jin D, Zhang Z, Shen K, Yang J, Chen H, Zhao X, Yang L, Lu H.
    • Front Pharmacol. 2022 Aug 25;13:967633. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.967633.
    • PLX038: a long-acting topoisomerase I inhibitor with robust anti-tumor activity in ATM deficient tumors and potent synergy with PARP inhibitors.
    • Thomas A, Fontaine SD, Diolaiti ME, Desai P, Kumar R, Takahashi N, Sciuto L, Nichols S, Ashworth A, Feng FY, Ashley GW, Nguyen M, Pommier Y, Santi DV.
    • Mol Cancer Ther. 2022 Aug 23:MCT-22-0217. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-22-0217. Epub ahead of print.
    • Case Report: Fluzoparib for multiple lines of chemotherapy refractory in metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with BRCA2 pathogenic mutation.
    • Sun X, Chen W, Qu X, Chen Y.
    • Front Pharmacol. 2022 Aug 12;13:968060. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.968060.
    • A Randomized, Double-Blind, Biomarker-Selected, Phase II Clinical Trial of Maintenance Poly ADP-Ribose Polymerase Inhibition With Rucaparib Following Chemotherapy for Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma.
    • Crabb SJ, Hussain S, Soulis E, Hinsley S, Dempsey L, Trevethan A, Song Y, Barber J, Frew J, Gale J, Faust G, Brock S, McGovern U, Parikh O, Enting D, Sundar S, Ratnayake G, Lees K, Birtle AJ, Powles T, Jones RJ.
    • J Clin Oncol. 2022 Aug 12:JCO2200405. doi: 10.1200/JCO.22.00405. Epub ahead of print.
    • DNA damage repair genes alterations in genito-urinary malignancies.
    • Dariane C, Timsit MO.
    • Eur Surg Res. 2022 Aug 9. doi: 10.1159/000526415. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Preclinical characterization of AZD5305, a next generation, highly selective PARP1 inhibitor and trapper.
    • Illuzzi G, Staniszewska AD, Gill SJ, Pike A, McWilliams L, Critchlow SE, Cronin A, Fawell S, Hawthorne G, Jamal K, Johannes J, Leonard E, Macdonald R, Maglennon G, Nikkil J, O'Connor MJ, Smith A, Southgate H, Wilson J, Yates J, Cosulich S, Leo E.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2022 Aug 5:CCR-22-0301. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-22-0301. Epub ahead of print.

    Identifier: NCT04644068: Study of AZD5305 as Monotherapy and in Combination With Anti-cancer Agents in Patients With Advanced Solid Malignancies (PETRA). (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    • Rapid and durable response to fifth-line lorlatinib plus olaparib in an ALK-rearranged, BRCA2-mutated metastatic lung adenocarcinoma patient with critical tracheal stenosis: a case report.
    • Jin C, He Z, Guo M, Liu S, Wang Y, Qiu J, Li C, Wu D.
    • Anticancer Drugs. 2022 Aug 1;33(7):696-700. doi: 10.1097/CAD.0000000000001303. Epub 2022 Mar 23.
    • Case report
    • Further refining 2020 ESGO/ESTRO/ESP molecular risk classes in patients with early-stage endometrial cancer: A propensity score-matched analysis.
    • Nero C, Pasciuto T, Cappuccio S, Corrado G, Pelligra S, Zannoni GF, Santoro A, Piermattei A, Minucci A, Lorusso D, Fanfani F, Scambia G.
    • Cancer. 2022 Aug 1;128(15):2898-2907. doi: 10.1002/cncr.34331. Epub 2022 May 26.

    Commentary:

    Molecular classification in endometrial cancer: Opportunities for precision oncology in a changing landscape.

    • A commentary on the discrepancy between blood and tumour BRCA testing: An open question.
    • De Paolis E, Marchetti C, Concolino P, Scambia G, Urbani A, Fagotti A, Minucci A.
    • BJOG. 2022 Aug;129(9):1422-1426. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.17158. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

    Commentary:

    Gene sequencing in ovarian cancer: continually moving targets.

    • Gene mutational profile of BRCAness and clinical implication in predicting response to platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
    • Rimini M, Macarulla T, Burgio V, Lonardi S, Niger M, Scartozzi M, Rapposelli IG, Aprile G, Ratti F, Pedica F, Verdaguer H, Nappo F, Nichetti F, Lai E, Valgiusti M, Cappetta A, Febregat C, Fassan M, De Braud F, Puzzoni M, Frassineti GL, Simionato F, De Cobelli F, Aldrighetti L, Fornaro L, Cascinu S, Casadei-Gardini A.
    • Eur J Cancer. 2022 Aug;171:232-241. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.05.004. Epub 2022 Jun 21.
    • PARP Inhibitors: Clinical Limitations and Recent Attempts to Overcome Them.
    • Kim D, Nam HJ.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Jul 29;23(15):8412. doi: 10.3390/ijms23158412.
    • The Mechanistic Understanding of RAD51 Defibrillation: A Critical Step in BRCA2-Mediated DNA Repair by Homologous Recombination.
    • Schipani F, Manerba M, Marotta R, Poppi L, Gennari A, Rinaldi F, Armirotti A, Farabegoli F, Roberti M, Di Stefano G, Rocchia W, Girotto S, Tirelli N, Cavalli A.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Jul 28;23(15):8338. doi: 10.3390/ijms23158338.
    • Editorial: Insight in cancer genetics: 2022.
    • Naro C, Cunliffe H, Sette C.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Jul 26;12:988310. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.988310.
    • Case Report: Sustained complete remission on combination therapy with olaparib and pembrolizumab in BRCA2-mutated and PD-L1-positive metastatic cholangiocarcinoma after platinum derivate.
    • Zhou T, Mahn R, Möhring C, Sadeghlar F, Meyer C, Toma M, Kreppel B, Essler M, Glowka T, Matthaei H, Kalff JC, Strassburg CP, Gonzalez-Carmona MA.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Jul 25;12:933943. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.933943.
    • Clinical use of PARP inhibitor in recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma with presence of a somatic BRCA2 mutation.
    • Shammas N, Yang T, Abidi A, Amneus M, Hodeib M.
    • Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2022 Jul 14;42:101044. doi: 10.1016/j.gore.2022.101044.
    • A Novel PARP Inhibitor YHP-836 For the Treatment of BRCA-Deficiency Cancers.
    • Du T, Zhang Z, Zhou J, Sheng L, Yao H, Ji M, Xu B, Chen X.
    • Front Pharmacol. 2022 Jul 13;13:865085. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.865085.
    • Oncologists Seeing Lack of PARP Inhibitor Response in MSI-High, BRCA-Mutant Prostate Cancer Patients.
    • Kanski A.
    • Precision Oncology News. Biomarkers. BRCA. 2022 Jul 13.
    • Research news

    Original research:

    PARP Inhibitor Insensitivity to BRCA1/2 Monoallelic Mutations in Microsatellite Instability-High Cancers.

    • Cost-Effectiveness of Poly ADP-Ribose Polymerase Inhibitors in Cancer Treatment: A Systematic Review.
    • Chan VKY, Yang R, Wong ICK, Li X.
    • Front Pharmacol. 2022 Jul 11;13:891149. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.891149.
    • Triple therapy in biliary tract cancers: GemOX plus immune checkpoint inhibitor in combination with lenvatinib or NGS-guided targeted therapy.
    • Dong X, Zhang Z, Zhang Q, Chen L, Cao G, Liu C, Song T, Lu W, Zhang W.
    • Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2022 Jul 8. doi: 10.1007/s00432-022-04166-z. Epub ahead of print.
    • Do Not Forget Poly (Adenosine Diphosphate-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors in Ovarian Carcinosarcoma.
    • Magalhães D, Bartosch C, Abreu MH.
    • Cureus. 2022 Jul 8;14(7):e26662. doi: 10.7759/cureus.26662.
    • Exploiting replication gaps for cancer therapy.
    • Cong K, Cantor SB.
    • Mol Cell. 2022 Jul 7;82(13):2363-2369. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2022.04.023. Epub 2022 May 13.
    • AZD5305 More Tolerable than Earlier PARP Agents.
    • [No author given]
    • Cancer Discov. 2022 Jul 6;12(7):1602. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-NB2022-0039.
    • News
    • Genomic and epigenomic BRCA alterations predict adaptive resistance and response to platinum-based therapy in patients with triple-negative breast and ovarian carcinomas.
    • Menghi F, Banda K, Kumar P, Straub R, Dobrolecki L, Rodriguez IV, Yost SE, Chandok H, Radke MR, Somlo G, Yuan Y, Lewis MT, Swisher EM, Liu ET.
    • Sci Transl Med. 2022 Jul 6;14(652):eabn1926. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.abn1926. Epub 2022 Jul 6.

    Research news: Breast, Ovarian Cancer Study Finds Ties Between Types of BRCA Alterations, Treatment Response. (Precision Oncology News)

    • Rational design, synthesis and biological evaluation of dual PARP-1/2 and TNKS1/2 inhibitors for cancer therapy.
    • Xu Y, Wu H, Huang L, Zhai B, Li X, Xu S, Wu X, Zhu Q, Xu Q.
    • Eur J Med Chem. 2022 Jul 5;237:114417. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114417. Epub 2022 Apr 27.
    • Evaluating Mismatch Repair Status to Screen Clinical Advanced Breast Carcinomas for Immunotherapy: Experience From a Large Academic Institution.
    • Arole V, Shafi S, Challa B, Parwani AV, Tozbikian G, Li Z.
    • Clin Breast Cancer. 2022 Jul;22(5):e680-e684. doi: 10.1016/j.clbc.2022.01.010. Epub 2022 Jan 22.
    • Exposure to escalating olaparib does not induce acquired resistance to PARPi and to other chemotherapeutic compounds in ovarian cancer cell lines.
    • Fedier A, Maggi N, Tozzi A, Disler M, Coelho R, Jacob F, Heinzelmann-Schwarz V.
    • Int J Oncol. 2022 Jul;61(1):89. doi: 10.3892/ijo.2022.5379. Epub 2022 Jun 1.
    • Phase II study of niraparib in recurrent or persistent rare fraction of gynecologic malignancies with homologous recombination deficiency (JGOG2052).
    • Asano H, Oda K, Yoshihara K, Ito YM, Matsumura N, Shimada M, Watari H, Enomoto T.
    • J Gynecol Oncol. 2022 Jul;33(4):e55. doi: 10.3802/jgo.2022.33.e55. Epub 2022 May 3.

    Trial ID: jRCT2031210264: Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Niraparib in Recurrent or Persistent Rare Gynecologic Malignancies with Homologous Recombination Deficiency (JGOG2052). (Japanese Registry of Clinical Trials)

    • Proteomic Analysis Identifies p62/SQSTM1 as a Critical Player in PARP Inhibitor Resistance.
    • Uddin MH, Zhou JY, Pimentel J, Patrick SM, Kim S, Shekhar MP, Wu GS.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Jun 29;12:908603. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.908603.
    • Analysis of the Clinical Advancements for BRCA-Related Malignancies Highlights the Lack of Treatment Evidence for BRCA-Positive Male Breast Cancer.
    • McClurg DP, Urquhart G, McGoldrick T, Chatterji S, Miedzybrodzka Z, Speirs V, Elsberger B.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Jun 28;14(13):3175. doi: 10.3390/cancers14133175.
    • A DNA damage nanoamplifier for the chemotherapy of triple-negative breast cancer via DNA damage induction and repair blocking.
    • Huang Y, Dai X, Guan Z, Liu D, Ren L, Chen M, Zeng Z, Jiang J, Luo Y, He Y, Huang M, Zhao C.
    • Int J Pharm. 2022 Jun 25;622:121897. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2022.121897. Epub 2022 Jun 8.
    • Results of the phase I CCTG IND.231 trial of CX-5461 in patients with advanced solid tumors enriched for DNA-repair deficiencies.
    • Hilton J, Gelmon K, Bedard PL, Tu D, Xu H, Tinker AV, Goodwin R, Laurie SA, Jonker D, Hansen AR, Veitch ZW, Renouf DJ, Hagerman L, Lui H, Chen B, Kellar D, Li I, Lee SE, Kono T, Cheng BYC, Yap D, Lai D, Beatty S, Soong J, Pritchard KI, Soria-Bretones I, Chen E, Feilotter H, Rushton M, Seymour L, Aparicio S, Cescon DW.
    • Nat Commun. 2022 Jun 24;13(1):3607. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-31199-2.

    Identifier: NCT02719977: A Phase I Study of CX5461. (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    • Durvalumab Plus Olaparib in Previously Untreated, Platinum-Ineligible Patients With Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma: A Multicenter, Randomized, Phase II Trial (BAYOU).
    • Rosenberg JE, Park SH, Kozlov V, Dao TV, Castellano D, Li JR, Mukherjee SD, Howells K, Dry H, Lanasa MC, Stewart R, Bajorin DF.
    • J Clin Oncol. 2022 Jun 23:JCO2200205. doi: 10.1200/JCO.22.00205. Epub ahead of print.
    • Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Ovarian, Breast, Colorectal, Pancreatic, Non-Small Cell Lung and Prostate Cancers, and the Mechanisms of Resistance to PARP Inhibitors.
    • Mekonnen N, Yang H, Shin YK.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 Jun 17;12:880643. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.880643.
    • The Homologous Recombination Deficiency Scar in Advanced Cancer: Agnostic Targeting of Damaged DNA Repair.
    • Pacheco-Barcia V, Muñoz A, Castro E, Ballesteros AI, Marquina G, González-Díaz I, Colomer R, Romero-Laorden N.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Jun 15;14(12):2950. doi: 10.3390/cancers14122950.
    • Leptomeningeal disease in BRIP1-mutated pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
    • Yim E, Leung D.
    • BMJ Case Rep. 2022 Jun 8;15(6):e249837. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2022-249837.
    • Case report
    • Insights into the Possible Molecular Mechanisms of Resistance to PARP Inhibitors.
    • Piombino C, Cortesi L.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Jun 5;14(11):2804. doi: 10.3390/cancers14112804.
    • Selective degradation of PARP2 by PROTACs via recruiting DCAF16 for triple-negative breast cancer.
    • Pu C, Tong Y, Liu Y, Lan S, Wang S, Yan G, Zhang H, Luo D, Ma X, Yu S, Huang Q, Deng R, Li R.
    • Eur J Med Chem. 2022 Jun 5;236:114321. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114321. Epub 2022 Apr 3.
    • PARPs: All for One and One for All? Enhancing Diversity in Clinical Trials.
    • Nicum S, Blagden SP.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2022 Jun 1;28(11):2201-2203. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-22-0442.
    • Commentary

    Original research:

    Olaparib Maintenance Monotherapy in Asian Patients with Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed Ovarian Cancer: Phase III Trial (L-MOCA).

    • SIK2 inhibition enhances PARP inhibitor activity synergistically in ovarian and triple-negative breast cancers.
    • Lu Z, Mao W, Yang H, Santiago-O'Farrill JM, Rask PJ, Mondal J, Chen H, Ivan C, Liu X, Liu CG, Xi Y, Masuda K, Carrami EM, Chen M, Tang Y, Pang L, Lakomy DS, Calin GA, Liang H, Ahmed AA, Vankayalapati H, Bast RC Jr.
    • J Clin Invest. 2022 Jun 1;132(11):e146471. doi: 10.1172/JCI146471.
    • ASO Author Reflections: Broaden the Targeted Population of Synthetic Lethality for Taiwanese Breast Cancer.
    • Huang CC, Tseng LM.
    • Ann Surg Oncol. 2022 Jun;29(6):3591-3592. doi: 10.1245/s10434-022-11407-5. Epub 2022 Apr 7.
    • Commentary
    • Olaparib Use in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer Harboring Somatic BRCA1/2 Mutations or Mutations in Non-BRCA1/2, DNA Damage Repair Genes.
    • Walsh EM, Mangini N, Fetting J, Armstrong D, Chan IS, Connolly RM, Fiallos K, Lehman J, Nunes R, Petry D, Reynolds J, Shah M, Smith KL, Visvanathan K, Lauring J, Park BH, Stearns V, Wolff AC.
    • Clin Breast Cancer. 2022 Jun;22(4):319-325. doi: 10.1016/j.clbc.2021.12.007. Epub 2021 Dec 30.
    • PARP inhibitors as single agents and in combination therapy: the most promising treatment strategies in clinical trials for BRCA-mutant ovarian and triple-negative breast cancers.
    • Luo L, Keyomarsi K.
    • Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2022 Jun;31(6):607-631. doi: 10.1080/13543784.2022.2067527. Epub 2022 May 3.
    • Review
    • PARP Inhibitor Insensitivity to BRCA1/2 Monoallelic Mutations in Microsatellite Instability-High Cancers.
    • Sokol ES, Jin DX, Fine A, Trabucco SE, Maund S, Frampton G, Molinero L, Antonarakis ES.
    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2022 Jun;6:e2100531. doi: 10.1200/PO.21.00531.

    Research news: Oncologists Seeing Lack of PARP Inhibitor Response in MSI-High, BRCA-Mutant Prostate Cancer Patients. (Precision Oncology News)

    • Veliparib for the treatment of solid malignancies.
    • George RR, Thomas R, Davice A, Mathew MS.
    • J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2022 Jun;28(4):924-934. doi: 10.1177/10781552221073990. Epub 2022 Jan 17.
    • Review
    • Functional RECAP (REpair CAPacity) assay identifies homologous recombination deficiency undetected by DNA-based BRCAness tests.
    • Meijer TG, Nguyen L, Van Hoeck A, Sieuwerts AM, Verkaik NS, Ladan MM, Ruigrok-Ritstier K, van Deurzen CHM, van de Werken HJG, Lips EH, Linn SC, Memari Y, Davies H, Nik-Zainal S, Kanaar R, Martens JWM, Cuppen E, Jager A, van Gent DC.
    • Oncogene. 2022 Jun;41(26):3498-3506. doi: 10.1038/s41388-022-02363-1. Epub 2022 Jun 3.
    • Validation of genomic and transcriptomic models of homologous recombination deficiency in a real-world pan-cancer cohort.
    • Leibowitz BD, Dougherty BV, Bell JSK, Kapilivsky J, Michuda J, Sedgewick AJ, Munson WA, Chandra TA, Dry JR, Beaubier N, Igartua C, Taxter T.
    • BMC Cancer. 2022 May 28;22(1):587. doi: 10.1186/s12885-022-09669-z.
    • Pharmacologic Induction of BRCAness in BRCA-Proficient Cancers: Expanding PARP Inhibitor Use.
    • Abbotts R, Dellomo AJ, Rassool FV.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 May 26;14(11):2640. doi: 10.3390/cancers14112640.
    • Complete response to pembrolizumab in a patient with dermatomyositis and MMR deficient ovarian cancer: A case report.
    • Valls ML, Kase AM, Patel R, Wang B, Aggarwal R, Colon-Otero G.
    • Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2022 May 25;41:101010. doi: 10.1016/j.gore.2022.101010.
    • Homologous Recombination Repair in Biliary Tract Cancers: A Prime Target for PARP Inhibition?
    • Yin C, Kulasekaran M, Roy T, Decker B, Alexander S, Margolis M, Jha RC, Kupfer GM, He AR.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 May 23;14(10):2561. doi: 10.3390/cancers14102561.
    • Homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) signature-3 in ovarian and uterine carcinosarcomas correlates with preclinical sensitivity to Olaparib, a poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]- ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor.
    • Tymon-Rosario JR, Manara P, Manavella DD, Bellone S, Hartwich TMP, Harold J, Yang-Hartwich Y, Zipponi M, Choi J, Jeong K, Mutlu L, Yang K, Altwerger G, Menderes G, Ratner E, Huang GS, Clark M, Andikyan V, Azodi M, Schwartz PE, Alexandrov LB, Santin AD.
    • Gynecol Oncol. 2022 May 19:S0090-8258(22)00305-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2022.05.005. Epub ahead of print.
    • The effect of PARP inhibitors in homologous recombination proficient ovarian cancer: meta-analysis.
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    • J Chemother. 2022 May 13:1-8. doi: 10.1080/1120009X.2022.2073161. Epub ahead of print.
    • Meta-Analysis
    • Discovery of 4-Hydroxyquinazoline Derivatives as Small Molecular BET/PARP1 Inhibitors That Induce Defective Homologous Recombination and Lead to Synthetic Lethality for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Therapy.
    • Zhang J, Yang C, Tang P, Chen J, Zhang D, Li Y, Yang G, Liu Y, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Liu J, Ouyang L.
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    • OGG1 Inhibition Triggers Synthetic Lethality and Enhances The Effect of PARP Inhibitor Olaparib in BRCA1-Deficient TNBC Cells.
    • Baquero JM, Marchena-Perea E, Mirabet R, Torres-Ruiz R, Blanco-Aparicio C, Rodríguez-Perales S, Helleday T, Benítez-Buelga C, Benítez J, Osorio A.
    • Front Oncol. 2022 May 10;12:888810. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.888810.
    • DNA damage and metabolic mechanisms of cancer drug resistance.
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    • Cancer Drug Resist. 2022 May 5;5:368-379. doi: 10.20517/cdr.2021.148.
    • Resveratrol sensitizes breast cancer to PARP inhibitor, talazoparib through dual inhibition of AKT and autophagy flux.
    • Pai Bellare G, Sankar Patro B.
    • Biochem Pharmacol. 2022 May;199:115024. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2022.115024. Epub 2022 Mar 31.
    • PARP Inhibition, a New Therapeutic Avenue in Patients with Prostate Cancer.
    • Flippot R, Patrikidou A, Aldea M, Colomba E, Lavaud P, Albigès L, Naoun N, Blanchard P, Terlizzi M, Garcia C, Bernard-Tessier A, Fuerea A, Di Palma M, Escudier B, Loriot Y, Baciarello G, Fizazi K.
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    • Review
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    • Review
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    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2022 May;6:e2200085. doi: 10.1200/PO.22.00085.
    • Optimizing Chemotherapy of Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma: Our Experiences and Pooled Analysis of Literature.
    • Xu JY, Guan WL, Lu SX, Wei XL, Shi WJ, Ren C, Li YH, Li SP, Qiu MZ, Wang FH.
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    • Successful Treatment of a Patient With Brain Metastasis From Ovarian Cancer With BRCA Wild Type Using Niraparib: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    • Zhang Z, Xu M, Sakandar A, Du X, He H, He W, Li D, Wen Q.
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    • Whole-genome and transcriptome analysis of advanced adrenocortical cancer highlights multiple alterations affecting epigenome and DNA repair pathways.
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    • Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2022 Apr 28;8(3):a006148. doi: 10.1101/mcs.a006148.
    • Janssen Seeking European Union Approval for Zejula in HRR-Positive Prostate Cancer.
    • [No author given]
    • Precision Oncology News. Biomarkers. BRCA. 2022 Apr 28.
    • Minimally invasive secondary cytoreductive surgery for hepato-renal recess isolated recurrence of serous endometrial cancer in BRCA1 mutated patient.
    • Iacobelli V, Taliente F, Scambia G, Fanfani F, Giuliante F, Gallotta V.
    • Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2022 Apr 27:ijgc-2021-003271. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2021-003271. Epub ahead of print.
    • Circulating tumor DNA genomic profiling reveals the complicated olaparib-resistance mechanism in prostate cancer salvage therapy: A case report.
    • Yuan F, Liu N, Yang MZ, Zhang XT, Luo H, Zhou H.
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    • Preclinical In Vivo Validation of the RAD51 Test for Identification of Homologous Recombination-Deficient Tumors and Patient Stratification.
    • Pellegrino B, Herencia-Ropero A, Llop-Guevara A, Pedretti F, Moles-Fernández A, Viaplana C, Villacampa G, Guzmán M, Rodríguez O, Grueso J, Jiménez J, Arenas EJ, Degasperi A, Dias JML, Forment JV, O'Connor MJ, Déas O, Cairo S, Zhou Y, Musolino A, Caldas C, Nik-Zainal S, Clarke RB, Nuciforo P, Díez O, Serres-Créixams X, Peg V, Espinosa-Bravo M, Macarulla T, Oaknin A, Mateo J, Arribas J, Dienstmann R, Bellet M, Oliveira M, Saura C, Gutiérrez-Enríquez S, Balmaña J, Serra V.
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    • Next-Generation AstraZeneca PARP1 Inhibitor Shows Activity in Multiple Cancers at Variety of Doses.
    • Kanski A.
    • Precision Oncology News. Biomarkers. BRCA. 2022 Apr 12.

    Identifier: NCT04644068: Study of AZD5305 as Monotherapy and in Combination With Anti-cancer Agents in Patients With Advanced Solid Malignancies (PETRA). (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    • UPenn Researchers Enrolling BRCA1/2 Carriers Into Inovio hTERT Cancer Vaccine study.
    • Hopkins C.
    • Precision Oncology News. Cancer Specialties. 2022 Apr 11.

    Identifier: NCT04367675: INO 5401 Vaccination in BRCA1/2 Mutation Carriers. (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    • Current Systemic Treatments for the Hereditary Cancer Syndromes: Drug Development in Light of Genomic Defects.
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    • Deubiquitination of FBP1 by USP7 blocks FBP1-DNMT1 interaction and decreases the sensitivity of pancreatic cancer cells to PARP inhibitors.
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    • Review
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    • Inhibitors of PARP: Number crunching and structure gazing.
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    • Homologous Recombination Deficiency: Concepts, Definitions, and Assays.
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    • Oncologist. 2022 Mar 11;27(3):167-174. doi: 10.1093/oncolo/oyab053.
    • PARP Inhibitors Resistance: Mechanisms and Perspectives.
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    • Importance of Early Next-Generation Sequencing in Microsatellite Unstable Colon Cancer With a High Tumor Mutation Burden.
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    • Review
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    • PARP inhibitors for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: Biological rationale and current evidence.
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    • Review
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    • Review
    • Safety, Feasibility, and Merits of Longitudinal Molecular Testing of Multiple Metastatic Sites to Inform mTNBC Patient Treatment in the Intensive Trial of Omics in Cancer.
    • Burton KA, Mahen E, Konnick EQ, Blau S, Dorschner MO, Ramirez AB, Schmechel SC, Song C, Parulkar R, Parker S, Senecal FM, Pritchard CC, Mecham BH, Szeto C, Spilman P, Zhu J, Gadi VK, Ronen R, Stilwell J, Kaldjian E, Dutkowski J, Benz SC, Rabizadeh S, Soon-Shiong P, Blau CA.
    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2022 Mar;6:e2100280. doi: 10.1200/PO.21.00280.
    • Niraparib in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and DNA repair gene defects (GALAHAD): a multicentre, open-label, phase 2 trial.
    • Smith MR, Scher HI, Sandhu S, Efstathiou E, Lara PN Jr, Yu EY, George DJ, Chi KN, Saad F, Ståhl O, Olmos D, Danila DC, Mason GE, Espina BM, Zhao X, Urtishak KA, Francis P, Lopez-Gitlitz A, Fizazi K; GALAHAD investigators.
    • Lancet Oncol. 2022 Mar;23(3):362-373. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(21)00757-9. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

    Identifier: NCT02854436: An Efficacy and Safety Study of Niraparib in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA-Repair Anomalies (Galahad). (ClinicalTrials.gov)

    Research news: Study: PARP inhibitor treatment for metastatic prostate cancer shows most benefit in men with inherited BRCA mutations. (FORCE. XRAY)

    • PARP Inhibitor Applicability: Detailed Assays for Homologous Recombination Repair Pathway Components.
    • O'Sullivan Coyne G, Karlovich C, Wilsker D, Voth AR, Parchment RE, Chen AP, Doroshow JH.
    • Onco Targets Ther. 2022 Feb 24;15:165-180. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S278092.
    • DNA Repair Enzyme Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1/2 (PARP1/2)-Targeted Nuclear Imaging and Radiotherapy.
    • Nguyen NT, Pacelli A, Nader M, Kossatz S.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Feb 23;14(5):1129. doi: 10.3390/cancers14051129.
    • VPA and TSA Interrupt the Interplay between mutp53 and HSP70, Leading to CHK1 and RAD51 Down-Regulation and Sensitizing Pancreatic Cancer Cells to AZD2461 PARP Inhibitor.
    • Romeo MA, Gilardini Montani MS, Benedetti R, Arena A, D'Orazi G, Cirone M.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Feb 18;23(4):2268. doi: 10.3390/ijms23042268.
    • RB1 loss overrides PARP inhibitor sensitivity driven by RNASEH2B loss in prostate cancer.
    • Miao C, Tsujino T, Takai T, Gui F, Tsutsumi T, Sztupinszki Z, Wang Z, Azuma H, Szallasi Z, Mouw KW, Zou L, Kibel AS, Jia L.
    • Sci Adv. 2022 Feb 18;8(7):eabl9794. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abl9794. Epub 2022 Feb 18.
    • Dual-target inhibitors of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 for cancer therapy: Advances, challenges, and opportunities.
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    • Eur J Med Chem. 2022 Feb 15;230:114094. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2021.114094. Epub 2021 Dec 30.
    • Review
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    • Eur J Med Chem. 2022 Feb 15;230:114109. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114109. Epub 2022 Jan 12.
    • Review
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    • Martorana F, Da Silva LA, Sessa C, Colombo I.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Feb 14;14(4):953. doi: 10.3390/cancers14040953.
    • Phase 2 Trial (POLA Study) of Lurbinectedin plus Olaparib in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors: Results of Efficacy, Tolerability, and the Translational Study.
    • Poveda A, Lopez-Reig R, Oaknin A, Redondo A, Rubio MJ, Guerra E, Fariñas-Madrid L, Gallego A, Rodriguez-Freixinos V, Fernandez-Serra A, Juan O, Romero I, Lopez-Guerrero JA.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Feb 12;14(4):915. doi: 10.3390/cancers14040915.
    • Precision Medicine for BRCA/PALB2-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer and Emerging Strategies to Improve Therapeutic Responses to PARP Inhibition.
    • Principe DR.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2022 Feb 11;14(4):897. doi: 10.3390/cancers14040897.
    • Phase Ib SEASTAR Study: Combining Rucaparib and Sacituzumab Govitecan in Patients With Cancer With or Without Mutations in Homologous Recombination Repair Genes.
    • Yap TA, Hamilton E, Bauer T, Dumbrava EE, Jeselsohn R, Enke A, Hurley S, Lin KK, Habeck J, Giordano H, Shapiro GI.
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    • Varsity Pharmaceuticals Licenses Pol-Theta Inhibitor From Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
    • [No author given]
    • Precision Oncology News. Biomarkers. BRCA. 2022 Feb 7.

    Original research:

    A first-in-class Polymerase Theta Inhibitor selectively targets Homologous-Recombination-Deficient Tumors.

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    • Branco C, Paredes J.
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    • Overview of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Gynecological Cancer Treatment.
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    • FDA Grants Fast Track Status to CX-5461 for Breast and Ovarian Cancers With BRCA1/2, PALB2, or Other HRD Mutations.
    • Rosa K.
    • OncLive. 2022 Jan 25.

    News release: Senhwa’s Pidnarulex Receives US FDA Fast Track Designation for the Treatment of Solid Tumors with BRCA1/2, PALB2 and other HR Gene Mutations. (Senhwa Biosciences. Accessed 2022 Oct 5.)

    Identifier: NCT04890613: Study of CX-5461 in Patients With Solid Tumours and BRCA1/2, PALB2 or Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) Mutation. (ClinicalTrials.gov . Accessed 2022 Oct 5.)

    • What Do We Have to Know about PD-L1 Expression in Prostate Cancer? A Systematic Literature Review (Part 6): Correlation of PD-L1 Expression with the Status of Mismatch Repair System, BRCA, PTEN, and Other Genes.
    • Palicelli A, Croci S, Bisagni A, Zanetti E, De Biase D, Melli B, Sanguedolce F, Ragazzi M, Zanelli M, Chaux A, Cañete-Portillo S, Bonasoni MP, Ascani S, De Leo A, Giordano G, Landriscina M, Carrieri G, Cormio L, Gandhi J, Nicoli D, Farnetti E, Piana S, Tafuni A, Bonacini M.
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    • Tempus, GSK Initiate Phase II Trial of Niraparib in PALB2-Mutated Tumors.
    • [No author given]
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    • Case Report: Effectiveness of Targeted Treatment in a Patient With Pancreatic Cancer Harboring PALB2 Germline Mutation and KRAS Somatic Mutation.
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    • Comprehensive Analysis of Somatic Reversion Mutations in Homologous Recombination Repair (HRR) Genes in A Large Cohort of Chinese Pan-cancer Patients.
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    • Auger Emitter Conjugated PARP Inhibitor for Therapy in Triple Negative Breast Cancers: A Comparative In-Vitro Study.
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    • ATM: Functions of ATM Kinase and Its Relevance to Hereditary Tumors.
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    • A phase IA dose-escalation study of PHI-101, a new checkpoint kinase 2 inhibitor, for platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer.
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    • Complete Response of a Mutated BRCA2 Metastatic Clear Cell Endometrial Adenocarcinoma to the Poly (ADP ribose) Polymerase (PARP) Inhibitor Olaparib.
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    • Review
    • FDI-6 and olaparib synergistically inhibit the growth of pancreatic cancer by repressing BUB1, BRCA1 and CDC25A signaling pathways.
    • Wu SQ, Huang SH, Lin QW, Tang YX, Huang L, Xu YG, Wang SP.
    • Pharmacol Res. 2022 Jan;175:106040. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2021.106040. Epub 2021 Dec 22.
    • Human iPSC-derived fallopian tube organoids with BRCA1 mutation recapitulate early-stage carcinogenesis.
    • Yucer N, Ahdoot R, Workman MJ, Laperle AH, Recouvreux MS, Kurowski K, Naboulsi DJ, Liang V, Qu Y, Plummer JT, Gayther SA, Orsulic S, Karlan BY, Svendsen CN.
    • Cell Rep. 2021 Dec 28;37(13):110146. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.110146.

    Research news: Researchers Create Organoids that Model BRCA-Positive Ovarian Cancer. (Clinical OMICs)

    • Preventing and Overcoming Resistance to PARP Inhibitors: A Focus on the Clinical Landscape.
    • Prados-Carvajal R, Irving E, Lukashchuk N, Forment JV.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Dec 23;14(1):44. doi: 10.3390/cancers14010044.
    • Inferring Homologous Recombination Deficiency of Ovarian Cancer From the Landscape of Copy Number Variation at Subchromosomal and Genetic Resolutions.
    • Zhang M, Ma SC, Tan JL, Wang J, Bai X, Dong ZY, Zhang QX.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Dec 16;11:772604. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.772604.
    • Research Advances in the Role of the Poly ADP Ribose Polymerase Family in Cancer.
    • Sha H, Gan Y, Zou R, Wu J, Feng J.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Dec 16;11:790967. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.790967.
    • Perspectives on PARP Inhibitor Combinations for Ovarian Cancer.
    • Bonadio RC, Estevez-Diz MDP.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Dec 15;11:754524. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.754524.
    • Discovery of Potent and Novel Dual PARP/BRD4 Inhibitors for Efficient Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer.
    • Wang SP, Li Y, Huang SH, Wu SQ, Gao LL, Sun Q, Lin QW, Huang L, Meng LQ, Zou Y, Zhu QH, Xu YG.
    • J Med Chem. 2021 Dec 9;64(23):17413-17435. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c01535. Epub 2021 Nov 23.
    • Genomic attributes of homology-directed DNA repair deficiency in metastatic prostate cancer.
    • De Sarkar N, Dasgupta S, Chatterjee P, Coleman I, Ha G, Ang LS, Kohlbrenner EA, Frank SB, Nunez TA, Salipante SJ, Corey E, Morrissey C, Van Allen E, Schweizer MT, Haffner MC, Patel R, Hanratty B, Lucas JM, Dumpit RF, Pritchard CC, Montgomery RB, Nelson PS.
    • JCI Insight. 2021 Dec 8;6(23):e152789. doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.152789.
    • Case Report: Niraparib as Maintenance Therapy in A Patient With Ovarian Carcinosarcoma.
    • Zhang JQ, Zhao BB, Wang MM, Li L.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Dec 6;11:603591. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.603591.
    • Filling in the gaps in PARP inhibitor-induced synthetic lethality.
    • Paes Dias M, Jonkers J.
    • Mol Cell Oncol. 2021 Dec 6;8(6):2010512. doi: 10.1080/23723556.2021.2010512.
    • Genomic Features and Clinical Implications of Intraductal Carcinoma of the Prostate.
    • Kang M, Lee H, Byeon SJ, Kwon GY, Jeon SS.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Dec 4;22(23):13125. doi: 10.3390/ijms222313125.
    • Multimodality therapy in metastatic pancreas cancer with a BRCA mutation and durable long-term outcome: biology, intervention, or both?
    • Sutton TL, Grossberg A, Ey F, O'Reilly EM, Sheppard BC.
    • Cancer Biol Ther. 2021 Dec 2;22(10-12):532-536. doi: 10.1080/15384047.2021.1991739. Epub 2021 Oct 25.
    • Pancreas cancer and BRCA: A critical subset of patients with improving therapeutic outcomes.
    • Momtaz P, O'Connor CA, Chou JF, Capanu M, Park W, Bandlamudi C, Berger MF, Kelsen DP, Suehnholz SP, Chakravarty D, Yu KH, Varghese AM, Zervoudakis A, Li J, Ku GY, Park JS, Shcherba M, Harding JJ, Goldberg Z, Abou-Alfa GK, Salo-Mullen EE, Stadler ZK, Iacobuzio-Donahue CA, O'Reilly EM.
    • Cancer. 2021 Dec 1;127(23):4393-4402. doi: 10.1002/cncr.33812. Epub 2021 Aug 5.
    • Randomized Phase II Study of PARP Inhibitor ABT-888 (Veliparib) with Modified FOLFIRI versus FOLFIRI as Second-line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: SWOG S1513.
    • Chiorean EG, Guthrie KA, Philip PA, Swisher EM, Jalikis F, Pishvaian MJ, Berlin J, Noel MS, Suga JM, Garrido-Laguna I, Cardin DB, Radke MR, Duong M, Bellasea S, Lowy AM, Hochster HS.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Dec 1;27(23):6314-6322. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-1789. Epub 2021 Sep 27.
    • Durable clinical benefit from PARP inhibition in a platinum-sensitive, BRCA2-mutated pancreatic cancer patient after earlier progression on placebo treatment on the POLO trial: a case report.
    • Rubinson D, Wolpin BM, Warsofsky IS, Ryan DP, Perez K, Rahma O, Singh H, Yurgelun MB, Shapiro GI, Aguirre AJ, D'Andrea AD, Cleary JM.
    • J Gastrointest Oncol. 2021 Dec;12(6):3133-3140. doi: 10.21037/jgo-21-197.
    • Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 differentially affect the tumor microenvironment and response to checkpoint blockade immunotherapy.
    • Samstein RM, Krishna C, Ma X, Pei X, Lee KW, Makarov V, Kuo F, Chung J, Srivastava RM, Purohit TA, Hoen DR, Mandal R, Setton J, Wu W, Shah R, Qeriqi B, Chang Q, Kendall S, Braunstein L, Weigelt B, Carrillo Albornoz PB, Morris LGT, Mandelker DL, Reis-Filho JS, de Stanchina E, Powell SN, Chan TA, Riaz N.
    • Nat Cancer. 2021 Dec;1(12):1188-1203. doi: 10.1038/s43018-020-00139-8. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

    Research news: Cancer Patients With BRCA1/2 Mutations Respond Differently to Immunotherapy, Study Shows. (Precision Oncology News; subscription required)

    • Understanding and overcoming resistance to PARP inhibitors in cancer therapy.
    • Dias MP, Moser SC, Ganesan S, Jonkers J.
    • Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2021 Dec;18(12):773-791. doi: 10.1038/s41571-021-00532-x. Epub 2021 Jul 20.
    • Efficacy of systemic therapies in men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer harboring germline ATM versus BRCA2 mutations.
    • Sokolova AO, Marshall CH, Lozano R, Gulati R, Ledet EM, De Sarkar N, Grivas P, Higano CS, Montgomery B, Nelson PS, Olmos D, Sokolov V, Schweizer MT, Yezefski TA, Yu EY, Paller CJ, Sartor O, Castro E, Antonarakis ES, Cheng HH.
    • Prostate. 2021 Dec;81(16):1382-1389. doi: 10.1002/pros.24236. Epub 2021 Sep 13.
    • Tackling PARP inhibitor resistance.
    • Fugger K, Hewitt G, West SC, Boulton SJ.
    • Trends Cancer. 2021 Dec;7(12):1102-1118. doi: 10.1016/j.trecan.2021.08.007. Epub 2021 Sep 22.
    • AstraZeneca, Merck File Adjuvant Lynparza sNDA for Early-Stage Breast Cancer.
    • [No author given]
    • Precision Oncology News. Biomarkers. BRCA. 2021 Nov 30.
    • Favorable Response to Olaparib in a Patient with Cancer of Unknown Primary Carrying a Germline BRCA1 R71K Mutation.
    • Jia X, Zhao S, Li X, Lv L, Chen X, Pan E, Ou Q, Song C, Sun S, Zhao J, Xu L, Li M.
    • Onco Targets Ther. 2021 Nov 27;14:5353-5360. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S334847.
    • Discovery of Potent and Novel Dual PARP/BRD4 Inhibitors for Efficient Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer.
    • Wang SP, Li Y, Huang SH, Wu SQ, Gao LL, Sun Q, Lin QW, Huang L, Meng LQ, Zou Y, Zhu QH, Xu YG.
    • J Med Chem. 2021 Nov 23. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c01535. Epub ahead of print.
    • Inhibition of poly (ADP-Ribose) polymerase: A promising strategy targeting pancreatic cancer with BRCAness phenotype.
    • Jeong KY, Lee H.
    • World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2021 Nov 15;13(11):1544-1550. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v13.i11.1544.
    • Functional pre-therapeutic evaluation by genome editing of variants of uncertain significance of essential tumor suppressor genes.
    • Billaud A, Chevalier LM, Augereau P, Frenel JS, Passot C, Campone M, Morel A.
    • Genome Med. 2021 Nov 9;13(1):174. doi: 10.1186/s13073-021-00976-x.
    • Quantitative Analysis of the Efficacy of PARP Inhibitors as Maintenance Therapy in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer.
    • Gao L, Chen R, Li T, Li L, Zheng Q.
    • Front Pharmacol. 2021 Nov 8;12:771836. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.771836.
    • Heightened Sensitivity of Germline BRCA Mutant Patients Treated With Concurrent or Adjuvant PARP Inhibition and Radiotherapy for Brain Metastases.
    • Santos P, Imber BS, Lapen K, Pike LRG, Moss N, Seidman AD, Beal K.
    • Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2021 Nov 1;111(3S):e605. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2021.07.1614.
    • Integrated, Integral, and Exploratory Biomarkers in the Development of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors.
    • Konecny GE, Chander C, Zhang L.
    • Cancer J. 2021 Nov-Dec 01;27(6):482-490. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0000000000000564.
    • Review
    • The Clinical Challenges, Trials, and Errors of Combatting Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors Resistance.
    • Pham MM, Hinchcliff E, Avila M, Westin SN.
    • Cancer J. 2021 Nov-Dec 01;27(6):491-500. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0000000000000562.
    • Review
    • DNA Damage Repair Inhibitors-Combination Therapies.
    • Smith G, Alholm Z, Coleman RL, Monk BJ.
    • Cancer J. 2021 Nov-Dec 01;27(6):501-505. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0000000000000561.
    • Review
    • Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor Combination Therapy.
    • Miller RE.
    • Cancer J. 2021 Nov-Dec 01;27(6):506-510. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0000000000000565.
    • Review
    • BRCA-mutant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
    • Lai E, Ziranu P, Spanu D, Dubois M, Pretta A, Tolu S, Camera S, Liscia N, Mariani S, Persano M, Migliari M, Donisi C, Demurtas L, Pusceddu V, Puzzoni M, Scartozzi M.
    • Br J Cancer. 2021 Nov;125(10):1321-1332. doi: 10.1038/s41416-021-01469-9. Epub 2021 Jul 14.
    • Review
    • Biomarkers Associating with PARP Inhibitor Benefit in Prostate Cancer in the TOPARP-B Trial.
    • Carreira S, Porta N, Arce-Gallego S, Seed G, Llop-Guevara A, Bianchini D, Rescigno P, Paschalis A, Bertan C, Baker C, Goodall J, Miranda S, Riisnaes R, Figueiredo I, Ferreira A, Pereira R, Crespo M, Gurel B, Nava Rodrigues D, Pettitt SJ, Yuan W, Serra V, Rekowski J, Lord CJ, Hall E, Mateo J, de Bono JS.
    • Cancer Discov. 2021 Nov;11(11):2812-2827. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-21-0007. Epub 2021 May 27.
    • Unusual metastasis in BRCA mutated pancreatic cancer while on maintenance Olaparib: Two case reports and review of the literature.
    • Assaf I, Mans L, Sakr R, Verset G, Van Laethem JL.
    • Eur J Cancer. 2021 Nov;157:63-67. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2021.07.042. Epub 2021 Sep 4.
    • Case report
    • Combination ATR and PARP Inhibitor (CAPRI): A phase 2 study of ceralasertib plus olaparib in patients with recurrent, platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian cancer.
    • Shah PD, Wethington SL, Pagan C, Latif N, Tanyi J, Martin LP, Morgan M, Burger RA, Haggerty A, Zarrin H, Rodriguez D, Domchek S, Drapkin R, Shih IM, Smith SA, Dean E, Gaillard S, Armstrong D, Torigian DA, Hwang WT, Giuntoli R, Simpkins F.
    • Gynecol Oncol. 2021 Nov;163(2):246-253. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.08.024. Epub 2021 Oct 5.
    • Adherence to PARP inhibitor therapy among women with ovarian cancer.
    • Moss HA, Chen L, Hershman DL, Davidson B, Wright JD.
    • Gynecol Oncol. 2021 Nov;163(2):262-268. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.08.025. Epub 2021 Sep 9.
    • Discordant Reporting of a Previously Undescribed Pathogenic Germline BRCA2 Variant in Blood and Tumor Tissue in a Patient With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.
    • Kordes M, Tamborero D, Lagerstedt-Robinson K, Yachnin J, Rosenquist R, Löhr JM, Gustafsson Liljefors M.
    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2021 Nov;5:974-980. doi: 10.1200/PO.21.00024.
    • Germline PALB2 Variants and PARP Inhibitors in Endometrial Cancer.
    • Cilento MA, Poplawski NK, Paramasivam S, Thomas DM, Kichenadasse G.
    • J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2021 Nov;19(11):1212-1217. doi: 10.6004/jnccn.2021.7067.
    • Synthetic Lethality in Ovarian Cancer.
    • Chandrasekaran A, Elias KM.
    • Mol Cancer Ther. 2021 Nov;20(11):2117-2128. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-21-0500. Epub 2021 Sep 13.
    • Homologous recombination proficiency in ovarian and breast cancer patients.
    • Creeden JF, Nanavaty NS, Einloth KR, Gillman CE, Stanbery L, Hamouda DM, Dworkin L, Nemunaitis J.
    • BMC Cancer. 2021 Oct 28;21(1):1154. doi: 10.1186/s12885-021-08863-9.
    • BRCA1 Versus BRCA2 and PARP Inhibitors Efficacy in Solid Tumors:A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
    • Li S, Tao L, Dai H, Gong X, Zhuo Y, Xiang H, Zhao Y, Gao Q, Deng L.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Oct 28;11:718871. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.718871.
    • Targeted Therapeutic Strategies for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.
    • Li Y, Zhan Z, Yin X, Fu S, Deng X.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Oct 28;11:731535. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.731535.
    • PARP Inhibitors in Combination with Radiotherapy: To Do or Not to Do?
    • Barcellini A, Loap P, Murata K, Villa R, Kirova Y, Okonogi N, Orlandi E.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Oct 27;13(21):5380. doi: 10.3390/cancers13215380.
    • The role of patient-derived ovarian cancer organoids in the study of PARP inhibitors sensitivity and resistance: from genomic analysis to functional testing.
    • Tao M, Wu X.
    • J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Oct 26;40(1):338. doi: 10.1186/s13046-021-02139-7.
    • PARP Inhibition in Prostate Cancer With Homologous Recombination Repair Alterations.
    • von Werdt A, Brandt L, Schärer OD, Rubin MA.
    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2021 Oct 22;5:PO.21.00152. doi: 10.1200/PO.21.00152.
    • Role of PARP in TNBC: Mechanism of Inhibition, Clinical Applications, and Resistance.
    • Singh DD, Parveen A, Yadav DK.
    • Biomedicines. 2021 Oct 21;9(11):1512. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines9111512.
    • Emergence of polyclonal BRCA2 reversions following PARP inhibitor treatment: An illustrative case report.
    • McFarland TR, Tandar CE, Agarwal N, Swami U.
    • Cancer Treat Res Commun. 2021;29:100480. doi: 10.1016/j.ctarc.2021.100480. Epub 2021 Oct 20.
    • First successful case of platinum-based chemotherapy for neuroendocrine prostate cancer with BRCA2 and PTEN alterations.
    • Omura M, Kosaka T, Aimono E, Nakamura K, Hongo H, Mikami S, Nishihara H, Oya M.
    • IJU Case Rep. 2021 Oct 20;5(1):41-44. doi: 10.1002/iju5.12383.
    • Replication catastrophe is responsible for intrinsic PAR glycohydrolase inhibitor-sensitivity in patient-derived ovarian cancer models.
    • Coulson-Gilmer C, Morgan RD, Nelson L, Barnes BM, Tighe A, Wardenaar R, Spierings DCJ, Schlecht H, Burghel GJ, Foijer F, Desai S, McGrail JC, Taylor SS.
    • J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Oct 16;40(1):323. doi: 10.1186/s13046-021-02124-0.
    • Comparative Assessment of Diagnostic Homologous Recombination Deficiency-Associated Mutational Signatures in Ovarian Cancer.
    • Sztupinszki Z, Diossy M, Börcsök J, Prosz A, Cornelius N, Kjeldsen MK, Mirza MR, Szallasi Z.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Oct 15;27(20):5681-5687. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-0981. Epub 2021 Aug 11.
    • Homologous Recombination Deficiency Assays in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Current Status and Future Direction.
    • Chiang YC, Lin PH, Cheng WF.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Oct 14;11:675972. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.675972.
    • CRISPR screens guide the way for PARP and ATR inhibitors biomarker discovery.
    • Schleicher EM, Moldovan GL.
    • FEBS J. 2021 Oct 3. doi: 10.1111/febs.16217. Epub ahead of print.
    • Prognostic Significance of Disease Control at 12 Weeks in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Receiving FOLFIRINOX as First-line Chemotherapy.
    • Batra A, Tang PA, Cheung WY.
    • Am J Clin Oncol. 2021 Oct 1;44(10):519-525. doi: 10.1097/COC.0000000000000856.
    • Alterations of DNA damage response pathway: Biomarker and therapeutic strategy for cancer immunotherapy.
    • Jiang M, Jia K, Wang L, Li W, Chen B, Liu Y, Wang H, Zhao S, He Y, Zhou C.
    • Acta Pharm Sin B. 2021 Oct;11(10):2983-2994. doi: 10.1016/j.apsb.2021.01.003. Epub 2021 Jan 6.
    • Treatment of Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Are PARP Inhibitors Shifting the Paradigm?
    • Fujimoto N, Harada K, Shiota M, Tomisaki I, Minato A, Nagata Y, Kimuro R, Harada M, Fujisawa M.
    • Anticancer Res. 2021 Oct;41(10):4687-4695. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.15282.
    • Efficacy and safety of anti-PD-1-based therapy in combination with PARP inhibitors for patients with advanced solid tumors in a real-world setting.
    • Wu Z, Tao H, Zhang S, Wang X, Ma J, Li R, Liu Z, Wang J, Cui P, Chen S, Di H, Huang Z, Zheng X, Hu Y.
    • Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2021 Oct;70(10):2971-2980. doi: 10.1007/s00262-021-02852-4. Epub 2021 Mar 19.
    • Immune checkpoint inhibitor sensitivity of DNA repair deficient tumors.
    • Rochefort P, Desseigne F, Bonadona V, Dussart S, Coutzac C, Sarabi M, la Fouchardiere C.
    • Immunotherapy. 2021 Oct;13(14):1205-1213. doi: 10.2217/imt-2021-0024. Epub 2021 Sep 8.
    • Review
    • Discovery of MTR-106 as a highly potent G-quadruplex stabilizer for treating BRCA-deficient cancers.
    • Li MZ, Meng T, Song SS, Bao XB, Ma LP, Zhang N, Yu T, Zhang YL, Xiong B, Shen JK, Miao ZH, He JX.
    • Invest New Drugs. 2021 Oct;39(5):1213-1221. doi: 10.1007/s10637-021-01096-4. Epub 2021 Mar 12.
    • Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma with Germline BRCA2 Mutation and Severe Pancreatic Panniculitis: A Case Report.
    • Dreikhausen L, Schulte N, Belle S, Weidner P, Moersdorf J, Reissfelder C, Ebert MP, Zhan T.
    • Visc Med. 2021 Oct;37(5):447-450. doi: 10.1159/000515267. Epub 2021 Mar 29.
    • Case report
    • Study: Genetic testing for inherited mutations may be helpful for all people with advanced or metastatic cancer.
    • [No author given]
    • FORCE. XRAY. 2021 Sep 30.

    Original research:

    Therapeutic Implications of Germline Testing in Patients With Advanced Cancers.

    • Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 Inhibitors Drug Discovery, Design, and Development as Anticancer Agents from Past to Present: A Mini-Review.
    • AlGhamdi A, AlMubayedh H.
    • Mini Rev Med Chem. 2021 Sep 29. doi: 10.2174/1389557521666210929144045. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Towards a CRISPeR understanding of homologous recombination with high-throughput functional genomics.
    • Hayward SB, Ciccia A.
    • Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2021 Sep 25;71:171-181. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2021.08.006. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Active Targeted Nanoparticles for Delivery of Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase (PARP) Inhibitors: A Preliminary Review.
    • Sargazi S, Mukhtar M, Rahdar A, Barani M, Pandey S, Díez-Pascual AM.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Sep 25;22(19):10319. doi: 10.3390/ijms221910319.
    • Harnessing DNA Repair Defects to Augment Immune-Based Therapies in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.
    • Clark CA, Yang ES.
    • Front Oncol. 2021 Sep 24;11:703802. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.703802.
    • Let-7i Reduces Aggressive Phenotype and Induces BRCAness in Ovarian Cancer Cells.
    • Chirshev E, Suzuki T, Wang H, Nguyen A, Hojo N, Sanderman L, Mirshahidi S, Ioffe YJ, Unternaehrer JJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Sep 15;13(18):4617. doi: 10.3390/cancers13184617.
    • Phase 1b dose expansion and translational analyses of olaparib in combination with capivasertib in recurrent endometrial, triple negative breast, and ovarian cancer.
    • Westin SN, Labrie M, Litton JK, Blucher A, Fang Y, Vellano CP, Marszalek JR, Feng N, Ma X, Creason A, Fellman B, Yuan Y, Lee S, Kim T, Liu J, Chelariu-Raicu A, Chen TH, Kabil N, Soliman PT, Frumovitz M, Schmeler KM, Jazaeri A, Lu KH, Murthy R, Meyer L, Sun C, Sood AK, Coleman RL, Mills GB.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Sep 13:clincanres.1656.2021. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-1656. Epub ahead of print.
    • Genomic Determinants of Homologous Recombination Deficiency across Human Cancers.
    • Qing T, Wang X, Jun T, Ding L, Pusztai L, Huang KL.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Sep 12;13(18):4572. doi: 10.3390/cancers13184572.
    • The prevalence of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) in various solid tumors and the role of HRD as a single biomarker to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    • Kim H, Ahn S, Kim H, Hong JY, Lee J, Park SH, Park JO, Park YS, Lim HY, Kang WK, Kim KM, Kim ST.
    • J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2021 Sep 12. doi: 10.1007/s00432-021-03781-6. Epub ahead of print.
    • REV1-Polζ maintains the viability of homologous recombination-deficient cancer cells through mutagenic repair of PRIMPOL-dependent ssDNA gaps.
    • Taglialatela A, Leuzzi G, Sannino V, Cuella-Martin R, Huang JW, Wu-Baer F, Baer R, Costanzo V, Ciccia A.
    • Mol Cell. 2021 Sep 7:S1097-2765(21)00683-3. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2021.08.016. Epub ahead of print.
    • Successful treatment of refractory lung adenocarcinoma harboring a germline BRCA2 mutation with olaparib: A case report.
    • Zhang L, Wang J, Cui LZ, Wang K, Yuan MM, Chen RR, Zhang LJ.
    • World J Clin Cases. 2021 Sep 6;9(25):7498-7503. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i25.7498.
    • Patients with bi-allelic BRCA1/2 inactivation respond to olaparib treatment across histologic tumor types.
    • van der Wijngaart H, Hoes LR, van Berge Henegouwen JM, van der Velden DL, Zeverijn LJ, Roepman P, van Werkhoven E, de Leng WWJ, Jansen AML, Mehra N, Robbrecht DGJ, Labots M, de Groot DJA, Hoeben A, Hamberg P, Gelderblom H, Voest EE, Verheul HMW.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2021 Sep 2:clincanres.1104.2021. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-1104. Epub ahead of print.
    • The trans cell cycle effects of PARP inhibitors underlie their selectivity toward BRCA1/2-deficient cells.
    • Simoneau A, Xiong R, Zou L.
    • Genes Dev. 2021 Sep 1;35(17-18):1271-1289. doi: 10.1101/gad.348479.121. Epub 2021 Aug 12.
    • Homologous Recombination Deficiency Alterations in Colorectal Cancer: Clinical, Molecular, and Prognostic Implications.
    • Moretto R, Elliott A, Zhang J, Arai H, Germani MM, Conca V, Xiu J, Stafford P, Oberley M, Abraham J, Spetzler D, Rossini D, Antoniotti C, Marshall J, Shields A, Lopes G, Lonardi S, Pietrantonio F, Tomasello G, Passardi A, Tamburini E, Santini D, Aprile G, Masi G, Falcone A, Lenz HJ, Korn M, Cremolini C.
    • J Natl Cancer Inst. 2021 Sep 1:djab169. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djab169. Epub ahead of print.

    Research news:

    Are Homologous Recombination Deficiency Mutations Relevant in Colorectal Cancer?

    • Olaparib effectively treats local recurrence of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in a patient harboring a BRCA2-inactivating mutation: a case report.
    • Li W, Ma Z, Fu X, Hao Z, Shang H, Shi J, Lei M, Xu M, Ning S, Hua X.
    • Ann Transl Med. 2021 Sep;9(18):1487. doi: 10.21037/atm-21-3681.
    • Hedgehog/GLI1 Transcriptionally Regulates FANCD2 in Ovarian Tumor Cells: Its Inhibition Induces HR-Deficiency and Synergistic Lethality with PARP Inhibition.
    • Mani C, Tripathi K, Chaudhary S, Somasagara RR, Rocconi RP, Crasto C, Reedy M, Athar M, Palle K.
    • Neoplasia. 2021 Sep;23(9):1002-1015. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2021.06.010. Epub 2021 Aug 8.
    • Selinexor, a selective inhibitor of nuclear export, enhances the anti-tumor activity of olaparib in triple negative breast cancer regardless of BRCA1 mutation status.
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    Original research:

    Endometrial Cancer Risk in Women with Germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 Mutations: Multicenter Cohort Study.

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    Research news: Clovis' Rubraca Benefits BRCA1/2, PALB2-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer Patients as Maintenance Therapy. (Precision Oncology News)

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    Press: Old Antibiotic Targets BRCA-Mutated, PARP Inhibitor-Resistant Tumors (Clinical OMICs)

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    • Breast Cancer Predisposition Genes and Synthetic Lethality.
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    • Heterogeneity and Clonal Evolution of Acquired PARP Inhibitor Resistance in TP53- and BRCA1-Deficient Cells.
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    • DNA Damage Repair Inhibitor for Breast Cancer Treatment.
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    • Review, eBook chapter
    • The Role of PARP Inhibitors in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer: Recent Advances in Clinical Trials.
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    • Biomolecules. 2021 May 12;11(5):722. doi: 10.3390/biom11050722.
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    • C/EBPß promotes poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor resistance by enhancing homologous recombination repair in high-grade serous ovarian cancer.
    • Tan J, Zheng X, Li M, Ye F, Song C, Xu C, Zhang X, Li W, Wang Y, Zeng S, Li H, Chen G, Huang X, Ma D, Liu D, Gao Q.
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    • Discovery of novel and potent PARP/PI3K dual inhibitors for the treatment of cancer.
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    • Integrated support vector machine and pharmacophore based virtual screening driven identification of thiophene carboxamide scaffold containing compound as potential PARP1 inhibitor.
    • Singh M, Rajawat J, Kuldeep J, Shukla N, Mishra DP, Siddiqi MI.
    • J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2021 May 5:1-14. doi: 10.1080/07391102.2021.1913229. Epub ahead of print.
    • Detection of Molecular Signatures of Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Bladder Cancer.
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    • Evaluation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 as Indicators of Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors.
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    • Molecular and clinical determinants of response and resistance to rucaparib for recurrent ovarian cancer treatment in ARIEL2 (Parts 1 and 2).
    • Swisher EM, Kwan TT, Oza AM, Tinker AV, Ray-Coquard I, Oaknin A, Coleman RL, Aghajanian C, Konecny GE, O'Malley DM, Leary A, Provencher D, Welch S, Chen LM, Wahner Hendrickson AE, Ma L, Ghatage P, Kristeleit RS, Dorigo O, Musafer A, Kaufmann SH, Elvin JA, Lin DI, Chambers SK, Dominy E, Vo LT, Goble S, Maloney L, Giordano H, Harding T, Dobrovic A, Scott CL, Lin KK, McNeish IA.
    • Nat Commun. 2021 May 3;12(1):2487. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-22582-6.
    • Olaparib Monotherapy for Previously Treated Pancreatic Cancer With DNA Damage Repair Genetic Alterations Other Than Germline BRCA Variants: Findings From 2 Phase 2 Nonrandomized Clinical Trials.
    • Javle M, Shacham-Shmueli E, Xiao L, Varadhachary G, Halpern N, Fogelman D, Boursi B, Uruba S, Margalit O, Wolff RA, Golan T.
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    • Synergistic Effect of Bazedoxifene and PARP Inhibitor in the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer Regardless of BRCA Mutation.
    • Zhang R, Wang T, Lin J.
    • Anticancer Res. 2021 May;41(5):2277-2286. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.15003.
    • Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors in solid tumours: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
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    • Eur J Cancer. 2021 May;149:134-152. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2021.02.035. Epub 2021 Apr 13. Erratum in: Eur J Cancer. 2021 Aug;153:274.
    • Meta-Analysis
    • Pancreas cancer: Therapeutic trials in metastatic disease.
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    • J Surg Oncol. 2021 May;123(6):1475-1488. doi: 10.1002/jso.26359.
    • Review
    • The safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of niraparib in Japanese patients with solid tumours: results of a phase I dose-escalation study.
    • Yonemori K, Shimizu T, Kondo S, Iwasa S, Koyama T, Kitano S, Sato J, Shimomura A, Shibaki R, Suri A, Kase Y, Sumino S, Tamura K, Yamamoto N.
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    • Germline Genetics of Prostate Cancer: Prevalence of Risk Variants and Clinical Implications for Disease Management.
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    • The PARP Enzyme Family and the Hallmarks of Cancer Part 2: Hallmarks Related to Cancer Host Interactions.
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    • A Population Pharmacokinetic Meta-analysis of Veliparib, a PARP Inhibitor, Across Phase I/II/III Trials in Cancer Patients.
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    • The PARP Enzyme Family and the Hallmarks of Cancer Part 1. Cell Intrinsic Hallmarks.
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    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Apr 23;13(9):2042. doi: 10.3390/cancers13092042.
    • Targeting HR Repair as a Synthetic Lethal Approach to Increase DNA Damage Sensitivity by a RAD52 Inhibitor in BRCA2-Deficient Cancer Cells.
    • Tseng WC, Chen CY, Chern CY, Wang CA, Lee WC, Chi YC, Cheng SF, Kuo YT, Chiu YC, Tseng ST, Lin PY, Liou SJ, Li YC, Chen CC.
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    • Complete pathological response to olaparib and bevacizumab in advanced cervical cancer following chemoradiation in a BRCA1 mutation carrier: a case report.
    • Montero-Macias R, Koual M, Crespel C, Le Frére-Belda MA, Hélène HB, Nguyen-Xuan HT, Garinet S, Perkins G, Balay V, Durdux C, Florin M, Péré H, Bats AS.
    • J Med Case Rep. 2021 Apr 23;15(1):210. doi: 10.1186/s13256-021-02767-9.
    • Olaparib Treatment in a Patient with Advanced Gallbladder Cancer Harboring BRCA1 Mutation.
    • Li X, Gao L, Qiu M, Cao D.
    • Onco Targets Ther. 2021 Apr 22;14:2815-2819. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S303594.
    • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Olaparib Maintenance Treatment for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.
    • Li N, Zheng H, Huang Y, Zheng B, Cai H, Liu M.
    • Front Pharmacol. 2021 Apr 20;12:632818. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2021.632818.
    • Age-related activity of Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in men with localized prostate cancer.
    • Deniz M, Zengerling F, Gundelach T, Moreno-Villanueva M, Bürkle A, Janni W, Bolenz C, Kostezka S, Marienfeld R, Benckendorff J, Friedl TWP, Wiesmüller L, Rall-Scharpf M.
    • Mech Ageing Dev. 2021 Apr 19:111494. doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2021.111494. Epub ahead of print.
    • CHK2 inhibition provides a strategy to suppress hematological toxicity from PARP inhibitors.
    • Xu Z, Vandenberg CJ, Lieschke E, Di Rago L, Scott CL, Majewski IJ.
    • Mol Cancer Res. 2021 Apr 16:molcanres.0791.2020. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-20-0791. Epub ahead of print.
    • In silico screening identifies a novel small molecule inhibitor that counteracts PARP inhibitor resistance in ovarian cancer.
    • Lin ZP, Al Zouabi NN, Xu ML, Bowen NE, Wu TL, Lavi ES, Huang PH, Zhu YL, Kim B, Ratner ES.
    • Sci Rep. 2021 Apr 13;11(1):8042. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-87325-5.
    • WNT inhibition creates a BRCA-like state in Wnt-addicted cancer.
    • Kaur A, Lim JYS, Sepramaniam S, Patnaik S, Harmston N, Lee MA, Petretto E, Virshup DM, Madan B.
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    • Drug and molecular radiotherapy combinations for metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer.
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    • Nucl Med Biol. 2021 Apr 9;96-97:101-111. doi: 10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2021.03.009. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Targeting the nucleotide salvage factor DNPH1 sensitizes BRCA-deficient cells to PARP inhibitors.
    • Fugger K, Bajrami I, Silva Dos Santos M, Young SJ, Kunzelmann S, Kelly G, Hewitt G, Patel H, Goldstone R, Carell T, Boulton SJ, MacRae J, Taylor IA, West SC.
    • Science. 2021 Apr 9;372(6538):156-165. doi: 10.1126/science.abb4542.

    Comment:

    Epigenetic nucleotides enhance therapy.

    • Treatment Strategies for ARID1A-Deficient Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma.
    • Takahashi K, Takenaka M, Okamoto A, Bowtell DDL, Kohno T.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Apr 7;13(8):1769. doi: 10.3390/cancers13081769.
    • Olaparib and rucaparib for the treatment of DNA repair-deficient metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
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    • Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2021 Apr 7:1-8. doi: 10.1080/14656566.2021.1912015. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Olaparib in hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer with a somatic BRCA2 mutation.
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    • Hereditary Prostate Cancer: Genes Related, Target Therapy and Prevention.
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    • Synthetic Lethality in Cancer Therapeutics: The Next Generation.
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    • Review
    • Exploiting synthetic lethality to target BRCA1/2-deficient tumors: where we stand.
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    • Oncogene. 2021 Apr;40(17):3001-3014. doi: 10.1038/s41388-021-01744-2. Epub 2021 Mar 14.
    • Review
    • Decreased expression of the translation factor eIF3e induces senescence in breast cancer cells via suppression of PARP1 and activation of mTORC1.
    • Morris C, Durand S, Jalinot P.
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    • Selective killing of homologous recombination-deficient cancer cell lines by inhibitors of the RPA:RAD52 protein-protein interaction.
    • Al-Mugotir M, Lovelace JJ, George J, Bessho M, Pal D, Struble L, Kolar C, Rana S, Natarajan A, Bessho T, Borgstahl GEO.
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    • Shaping the BRCAness mutational landscape by alternative double-strand break repair, replication stress and mitotic aberrancies.
    • Stok C, Kok YP, van den Tempel N, van Vugt MATM.
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    • NICE Recommends Lynparza, Avastin Combination in Ovarian Cancer Through Cancer Drugs Fund.
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    • An open-label, pilot study of veliparib and lapatinib in patients with metastatic, triple-negative breast cancer.
    • Stringer-Reasor EM, May JE, Olariu E, Caterinicchia V, Li Y, Chen D, Della Manna DL, Rocque GB, Vaklavas C, Falkson CI, Nabell LM, Acosta EP, Forero-Torres A, Yang ES.
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    • Replication Gaps Underlie BRCA Deficiency and Therapy Response.
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    Commentary:

    Which Holds the Key to BRCAness: Inability to Repair the Break, Protect the Fork, or Prevent the Gap?

    • LRRK2 inhibition potentiates PARP inhibitor cytotoxicity through inhibiting homologous recombination-mediated DNA double strand break repair.
    • Chen L, Hou J, Zeng X, Guo Q, Deng M, Kloeber JA, Tu X, Zhao F, Wu Z, Huang J, Luo K, Kim W, Lou Z.
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    • Total and out-of-pocket costs for PARP inhibitors among insured ovarian cancer patients.
    • Liang MI, Chen L, Hershman DL, Hillyer GC, Huh WK, Guyton A, Wright JD.
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    • Narrative review: predicting future molecular and clinical profiles of prostate cancer in the United States.
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    • Homologous Recombination Deficiency Testing for BRCA-Like Tumors: The Road to Clinical Validation.
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    • Blocking Fra-1 sensitizes triple-negative breast cancer to PARP inhibitor.
    • Song D, He H, Sinha I, Hases L, Yan F, Archer A, Haldosen LA, Zhao C, Williams C.
    • Cancer Lett. 2021 Feb 27:S0304-3835(21)00092-6. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2021.02.018. Epub ahead of print.
    • BKM120 sensitizes BRCA-proficient triple negative breast cancer cells to olaparib through regulating FOXM1 and Exo1 expression.
    • Li Y, Wang Y, Zhang W, Wang X, Chen L, Wang S.
    • Sci Rep. 2021 Feb 26;11(1):4774. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-82990-y.
    • The Synergistic Effect of PARP Inhibitors and Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors.
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    • Treatment-emergent neuroendocrine prostate cancer with a germline BRCA2 mutation: identification of a candidate reversion mutation associated with platinum/PARP-inhibitor resistance.
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    • Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2021 Feb 19;7(1):a005801. doi: 10.1101/mcs.a005801.
    • Prevalence of Homologous Recombination Pathway Gene Mutations in Melanoma: Rationale for a New Targeted Therapeutic Approach.
    • Kim KB, Soroceanu L, de Semir D, Millis SZ, Ross J, Vosoughi E, Dar AA, Nosrati M, Desprez PY, Ice R, Chen M, Chetal K, Bhattacharjee A, Moretto J, Leong SP, Singer MI, Parrett BM, Minor DR, McAllister S, Miller JR 3rd, Salomonis N, Kashani-Sabet M.
    • J Invest Dermatol. 2021 Feb 18:S0022-202X(21)00155-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2021.01.024. Epub ahead of print.
    • Benefit of AstraZeneca's Cediranib Plus Lynparza May Be Limited to HRR-Deficient Prostate Cancers.
    • Hopkins C.
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    • Conference news
    • Efficacy of PARP inhibition combined with EZH2 inhibition depends on BRCA mutation status and microenvironment in breast cancer.
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    • Commentary
    • Clinical significance of homologous recombination deficiency score testing in endometrial Cancer.
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    • Olaparib – cancer de prostate métastatique résistant à la castration muté BRCA [Drug approval: Olaparib - metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with BRCA mutation].
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    • Review
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    • Case report
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    • DNA damage response alterations in gastric cancer: knocking down a new wall.
    • Ricci AD, Rizzo A, Brandi G.
    • Future Oncol. 2021 Jan 29. doi: 10.2217/fon-2020-0989. Epub ahead of print.
    • Editorial
    • Promoter methylation of DNA homologous recombination genes is predictive of the responsiveness to PARP inhibitor treatment in testicular germ cell tumors.
    • Lobo J, Constâncio V, Guimarães-Teixeira C, Leite-Silva P, Miranda-Gonçalves V, Sequeira JP, Pistoni L, Guimarães R, Cantante M, Braga I, Maurício J, Looijenga LH, Henrique R, Jerónimo C.
    • Mol Oncol. 2021 Jan 29. doi: 10.1002/1878-0261.12909. Epub ahead of print.
    • Therapeutic Potential of Olaparib in Combination With Pembrolizumab in a Young Patient With a Maternally Inherited BRCA2 Germline Variant: A Research Report.
    • Waddington T, Mambetsariev I, Pharaon R, Fricke J, Baroz AR, Romo H, Ghanem B, Gray S, Salgia R.
    • Clin Lung Cancer. 2021 Jan 27:S1525-7304(21)00012-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cllc.2021.01.009. Epub ahead of print.
    • Case report
    • A single-arm phase II study of olaparib maintenance with pembrolizumab and bevacizumab in BRCA non-mutated patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (OPEB-01).
    • Lee YJ, Lim MC, Kim BG, Ngoi NY, Choi CH, Park SY, Tan DS, Go Y, Lee JY.
    • J Gynecol Oncol. 2021 Jan 27:e31. doi: 10.3802/jgo.2021.32.e31. Epub ahead of print.
    • Rucaparib in patients with BAP1-deficient or BRCA1-deficient mesothelioma (MiST1): an open-label, single-arm, phase 2a clinical trial.
    • Fennell DA, King A, Mohammed S, Branson A, Brookes C, Darlison L, Dawson AG, Gaba A, Hutka M, Morgan B, Nicholson A, Richards C, Wells-Jordan P, Murphy GJ, Thomas A; MiST1 study group.
    • Lancet Respir Med. 2021 Jan 27:S2213-2600(20)30390-8. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30390-8. Epub ahead of print.
    • Whole-exome sequencing reveals germline-mutated small cell lung cancer subtype with favorable response to DNA repair-targeted therapies.
    • Tlemsani C, Takahashi N, Pongor L, Rajapakse VN, Tyagi M, Wen X, Fasaye GA, Schmidt KT, Desai P, Kim C, Rajan A, Swift S, Sciuto L, Vilimas R, Webb S, Nichols S, Figg WD, Pommier Y, Calzone K, Steinberg SM, Wei JS, Guha U, Turner CE, Khan J, Thomas A.
    • Sci Transl Med. 2021 Jan 27;13(578):eabc7488. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.abc7488.

    Research News: Small Cell Lung Cancer Study Uncovers Disease-Associated Germline Mutations. (GenomeWeb)

    • Clinical use and mechanisms of resistance for PARP inhibitors in homologous recombination-deficient cancers.
    • Janysek DC, Kim J, Duijf PHG, Dray E.
    • Transl Oncol. 2021 Jan 27;14(3):101012. doi: 10.1016/j.tranon.2021.101012. Epub ahead of print.
    • CHEK2 mutation in a patient with pancreatic adenocarcinoma-a rare case report.
    • Vittal A, Saha D, Samanta I, Kasi A.
    • AME Case Rep. 2021 Jan 25;5:5. doi: 10.21037/acr-20-83.
    • Alternate therapeutic pathways for PARP inhibitors and potential mechanisms of resistance.
    • Kim DS, Camacho CV, Kraus WL.
    • Exp Mol Med. 2021 Jan 25. doi: 10.1038/s12276-021-00557-3. Epub ahead of print.
    • Homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) score in germline BRCA2- versus ATM-altered prostate cancer.
    • Lotan TL, Kaur HB, Salles DC, Murali S, Schaeffer EM, Lanchbury JS, Isaacs WB, Brown R, Richardson AL, Cussenot O, Cancel-Tassin G, Timms KM, Antonarakis ES.
    • Mod Pathol. 2021 Jan 18. doi: 10.1038/s41379-020-00731-4. Epub ahead of print.
    • Homologous Recombination Repair Mechanisms in Serous Endometrial Cancer.
    • Jönsson JM, Bååth M, Björnheden I, Sahin ID, Måsbäck A, Hedenfalk I.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2021 Jan 12;13(2):E254. doi: 10.3390/cancers13020254.
    • A novel somatic BRCA2 point mutation in a metastatic pancreatic cancer patient: a case report.
    • Wang D, Guan R, Tao Q, Liu S, Yu M, Li X.
    • BMC Med Genomics. 2021 Jan 6;14(1):6. doi: 10.1186/s12920-020-00850-6.
    • PARPi, immunothérapies et anticorps monoclonaux conjugués dans les cancers du sein triple-négatifs [Recent therapeutic trends in triple-negative metastatic breast cancers: PARP inhibitors, immunotherapies and antibody-drug conjugates].
    • Dalenc F, Sarradin V, Nicolaï V, Franchet C, Ung M.
    • Bull Cancer. 2021 Jan 6:S0007-4551(20)30504-X. French. doi: 10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.11.007. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review. [Article in French]
    • The financial burden of PARP inhibitors on patients, payors, and financial assistance programs: Who bears the cost?
    • Goldsberry WN, Summerlin SS, Guyton A, Caddell B, Huh WK, Kim KH, Liang MI.
    • Gynecol Oncol. 2021 Jan 4:S0090-8258(20)34254-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2020.12.039. Epub ahead of print.
    • Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyctes in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Update for 2020.
    • Brown LC, Salgado R, Luen SJ, Savas P, Loi S.
    • Cancer J. 2021 Jan-Feb 01;27(1):25-31. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0000000000000501.
    • Review
    • PARP Inhibitors in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Including Those With BRCA Mutations.
    • Layman RM, Arun B.
    • Cancer J. 2021 Jan-Feb 01;27(1):67-75. doi: 10.1097/PPO.0000000000000499.
    • Review
    • Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of quinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives co-targeting poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and bromodomain containing protein 4 for breast cancer therapy.
    • Chang X, Sun D, Shi D, Wang G, Chen Y, Zhang K, Tan H, Liu J, Liu B, Ouyang L.
    • Acta Pharm Sin B. 2021 Jan;11(1):156-180. doi: 10.1016/j.apsb.2020.06.003. Epub 2020 Jun 24.
    • Successful treatment of a patient with brain metastases from endometrial cancer using Niraparib: a case report.
    • Wang Q, Zhang F, Gao H, Xu Y.
    • Ann Palliat Med. 2021 Jan;10(1):818-827. doi: 10.21037/apm-21-113.
    • First-in-Human Trial of the Oral Ataxia Telangiectasia and RAD3-Related (ATR) Inhibitor BAY 1895344 in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.
    • Yap TA, Tan DSP, Terbuch A, Caldwell R, Guo C, Goh BC, Heong V, Haris NRM, Bashir S, Drew Y, Hong DS, Meric-Bernstam F, Wilkinson G, Hreiki J, Wengner AM, Bladt F, Schlicker A, Ludwig M, Zhou Y, Liu L, Bordia S, Plummer R, Lagkadinou E, de Bono JS.
    • Cancer Discov. 2021 Jan;11(1):80-91. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-20-0868. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

    Commentary:

    ATR Inhibition as an Attractive Therapeutic Resource against Cancer.

    Press: Bayer's ATR Inhibitor May Benefit Cancers With ATM Aberrations, Early Data Suggest (Precision Oncology News)

    • A pathogenic germline BRCA2 variant in a patient with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
    • Correa T, Laux DE, Hoffman HT.
    • Clin Case Rep. 2020 Nov 25;9(1):429-432. doi: 10.1002/ccr3.3548. eCollection 2021 Jan.
    • Efficacy of cancer vaccines in selected gynaecological breast and ovarian cancers: A 20-year systematic review and meta-analysis.
    • Dafni U, Martín-Lluesma S, Balint K, Tsourti Z, Vervita K, Chenal J, Coukos G, Zaman K, Sarivalasis A, Kandalaft LE.
    • Eur J Cancer. 2021 Jan;142:63-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2020.10.014. Epub 2020 Nov 19.
    • Review
    • [Effects of Olaparib, a PARP-1 Inhibitor, on Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells with a BRCA1 Mutation].
    • Tsunoda Y, Sasaki A, Sakamoto N, Haruyama Y, Nashimoto M, Koshida Y, Fukuma E.
    • Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2021 Jan;48(1):53-56.
    • [Article in Japanese]
    • PARP inhibitor resistance and TP53 mutations in patients treated with olaparib for BRCA-mutated cancer: Four case reports.
    • Collot T, Niogret J, Carnet M, Chevrier S, Humblin E, Favier L, Bengrine-Lefevre L, Desmoulins I, Arnould L, Boidot R.
    • Mol Med Rep. 2021 Jan;23(1):75. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2020.11713. Epub 2020 Nov 25.
    • Case report
    • Targeting immunosuppressive macrophages overcomes PARP inhibitor resistance in BRCA1-associated triple-negative breast cancer.
    • Mehta AK, Cheney EM, Hartl CA, Pantelidou C, Oliwa M, Castrillon JA, Lin JR, Hurst KE, de Oliveira Taveira M, Johnson NT, Oldham WM, Kalocsay M, Berberich MJ, Boswell SA, Kothari A, Johnson S, Dillon DA, Lipschitz M, Rodig S, Santagata S, Garber JE, Tung N, Yélamos J, Thaxton JE, Mittendorf EA, Sorger PK, Shapiro GI, Guerriero JL.
    • Nat Cancer. 2021 Jan;2(1):66-82. doi: 10.1038/s43018-020-00148-7. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

    Research news: PARP Inhibitor Breast Cancer Treatments May Be Improved by Targeting Immunosuppressive Macrophages (Clinical OMICs)

    • Dissecting the molecular determinants of clinical PARP1 inhibitor selectivity for tankyrase1.
    • Ryan K, Bolaños B, Smith M, Palde P, Cuenca PD, VanArsdale TL, Niessen S, Zhang L, Behenna D, Ornelas MA, Tran KT, Kaiser S, Lum L, Stewart A, Gajiwala KS.
    • J Biol Chem. 2020 Dec 24:jbc.RA120.016573. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA120.016573. Epub ahead of print.
    • XRCC1 deficient triple negative breast cancers are sensitive to ATR, ATM and Wee1 inhibitor either alone or in combination with olaparib.
    • Ali R, Alblihy A, Toss MS, Algethami M, Al Sunni R, Green AR, Rakha EA, Madhusudan S.
    • Ther Adv Med Oncol. 2020 Dec 21;12:1758835920974201. doi: 10.1177/1758835920974201.
    • Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition in pancreatic cancer.
    • Singh HM, Bailey P, Hübschmann D, Berger AK, Neoptolemos J, Jäger D, Siveke J, Springfeld C.
    • Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2020 Dec 20. doi: 10.1002/gcc.22932. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • TBCRC 048: Phase II Study of Olaparib for Metastatic Breast Cancer and Mutations in Homologous Recombination-Related Genes.
    • Tung NM, Robson ME, Ventz S, Santa-Maria CA, Nanda R, Marcom PK, Shah PD, Ballinger TJ, Yang ES, Vinayak S, Melisko M, Brufsky A, DeMeo M, Jenkins C, Domchek S, D'Andrea A, Lin NU, Hughes ME, Carey LA, Wagle N, Wulf GM, Krop IE, Wolff AC, Winer EP, Garber JE.
    • J Clin Oncol. 2020 Dec 20;38(36):4274-4282. doi: 10.1200/JCO.20.02151. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

    Commentary, Review:

    Germline Mutations in Other Homologous Recombination Repair-Related Genes Than BRCA1/2: Predictive or Prognostic Factors?

    • BRCA Methylation Testing Identifies a Subset of Ovarian Carcinomas without Germline Variants That Can Benefit from PARP Inhibitor.
    • Sahnane N, Carnevali I, Formenti G, Casarin J, Facchi S, Bombelli R, Di Lauro E, Memoli D, Salvati A, Rizzo F, Sessa F, Tibiletti MG.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Dec 19;21(24):E9708. doi: 10.3390/ijms21249708.
    • PARP Inhibition Increases the Reliance on ATR/CHK1 Checkpoint Signaling Leading to Synthetic Lethality-An Alternative Treatment Strategy for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Cells Independent from HR Effectiveness.
    • Gralewska P, Gajek A, Marczak A, Mikula M, Ostrowski J, Sliwinska A, Rogalska A.
    • Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Dec 19;21(24):E9715. doi: 10.3390/ijms21249715.
    • PARP Theranostic Auger Emitters Are Cytotoxic in BRCA Mutant Ovarian Cancer and Viable Tumors from Ovarian Cancer Patients Enable Ex-Vivo Screening of Tumor Response.
    • Riad A, Gitto SB, Lee H, Winters HD, Martorano PM, Hsieh CJ, Xu K, Omran DK, Powell DJ Jr, Mach RH, Makvandi M.
    • Molecules. 2020 Dec 19;25(24):E6029. doi: 10.3390/molecules25246029.
    • DNA damage response and breast cancer development: Possible therapeutic applications of ATR, ATM, PARP, BRCA1 inhibition.
    • Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari M, Recio MJ, Darband SG, Kaviani M, Safa A, Mihanfar A, Sadighparvar S, Karimian A, Alemi F, Majidinia M, Yousefi B.
    • DNA Repair (Amst). 2020 Dec 17;98:103032. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2020.103032. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Lynparza Cost-Effectiveness Analysis IDs Pancreatic Cancer Subgroups That Derive Most Benefit.
    • Kanski A.
    • Precision Oncology News. 2020 Dec 17.
    • Research news

    Original research:

    Cost-Effectiveness of Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

    • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Maintenance Olaparib in Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer and a Germline BRCA1/2 Mutation Based on the POLO Trial.
    • Zhan M, Zheng H, Yang Y, He Z, Xu T, Li Q.
    • Cancer Manag Res. 2020 Dec 16;12:12919-12926. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S283169.
    • Enhanced Efficacy of Combined Therapy with Checkpoint Kinase 1 Inhibitor and Rucaparib Via Regulation of Rad-51 Expression in BRCA Wild-Type Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Cells.
    • Cho HY, Kim YB, Park WH, No JH.
    • Cancer Res Treat. 2020 Dec 16. doi: 10.4143/crt.2020.1013. Epub ahead of print.
    • Discovery of isoquinolinone and naphthyridinone-based inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) as anticancer agents: Structure activity relationship and preclinical characterization.
    • Karche NP, Bhonde M, Sinha N, Jana G, Kukreja G, Kurhade SP, Jagdale AR, Tilekar AR, Hajare AK, Jadhav GR, Gupta NR, Limaye R, Khedkar N, Thube BR, Shaikh JS, Rao Irlapati N, Phukan S, Gole G, Bommakanti A, Khanwalkar H, Pawar Y, Kale R, Kumar R, Gupta R, Praveen Kumar VR, Wahid S, Francis A, Bhat T, Kamble N, Patil V, Nigade PB, Modi D, Pawar S, Naidu S, Volam H, Pagdala V, Mallurwar S, Goyal H, Bora P, Ahirrao P, Singh M, Kamalakannan P, Naik KR, Kumar P, Powar RG, Shankar RB, Bernstein PR, Gundu J, Nemmani K, Narasimham L, George KS, Sharma S, Bakhle D, Kamboj RK, Palle VP.
    • Bioorg Med Chem. 2020 Dec 15;28(24):115819. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2020.115819. Epub 2020 Oct 14.
    • A very long-acting Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor suppresses cancer cell growth in DNA repair-deficient tumor models.
    • Fontaine SD, Ashley GW, Houghton PJ, Kurmasheva RT, Diolaiti M, Ashworth A, Peer CJ, Nguyen R, Figg WD, Beckford-Vera DR, Santi DV.
    • Cancer Res. 2020 Dec 15:canres.1741.2020. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-1741. Epub ahead of print.
    • Clinical Outcome-Related Mutational Signatures Identified by Integrative Genomic Analysis in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.
    • Dai W, Chung DL, Chow LK, Yu VZ, Lei LC, Leong MM, Chan CK, Ko JM, Lung ML.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Dec 15;26(24):6494-6504. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-2854. Epub 2020 Sep 28.
    • Pancreatic mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a patient harbouring BRCA1 germline mutation effectively treated with olaparib: A case report.
    • Di Marco M, Carloni R, De Lorenzo S, Mosconi C, Palloni A, Grassi E, Filippini DM, Ricci AD, Rizzo A, Di Federico A, Santini D, Turchetti D, Ricci C, Ingaldi C, Alberici L, Minni F, Golfieri R, Brandi G, Casadei R.
    • World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2020 Dec 15;12(12):1456-1463. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v12.i12.1456.
    • Breast metastasis from pelvic high-grade serous adenocarcinoma: a report of two cases.
    • Harada Y, Kubo M, Kai M, Yamada M, Zaguirre K, Ohgami T, Yahata H, Ohishi Y, Yamamoto H, Oda Y, Nakamura M.
    • Surg Case Rep. 2020 Dec 9;6(1):317. doi: 10.1186/s40792-020-01090-7.
    • Differential immunomodulatory Effect of PARP Inhibition in BRCA1 deficient and competent tumor cells.
    • Alvarado-Cruz I, Mahmoud M, Khan M, Zhao S, Oeck S, Meas R, Clairmont K, Quintana V, Zhu Y, Porciuncula A, Wyatt H, Ma S, Shyr Y, Kong Y, LoRusso PM, Laverty D, Nagel ZD, Schalper KA, Krauthammer M, Sweasy JB.
    • Biochem Pharmacol. 2020 Dec 4:114359. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2020.114359. Epub ahead of print.
    • Update on the Role of Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors in the DNA Repair-Deficient Pancreatic Cancers: A Narrative Review.
    • Kasi A, Al-Jumayli M, Park R, Baranda J, Sun W.
    • J Pancreat Cancer. 2020 Dec 4;6(1):107-115. doi: 10.1089/pancan.2020.0010.
    • Combinatorial efficacy of olaparib with radiation and ATR inhibitor requires PARP1 protein in homologous recombination proficient pancreatic cancer.
    • Parsels LA, Engelke CG, Parsels J, Flanagan SA, Zhang Q, Tanska D, Wahl DR, Canman CE, Lawrence TS, Morgan MA.
    • Mol Cancer Ther. 2020 Dec 2:molcanther.0365.2020. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-20-0365. Epub ahead of print.
    • Patient selection biomarker strategies for PARP inhibitor therapy.
    • Pilié PG, George A, Yap TA.
    • Ann Oncol. 2020 Dec;31(12):1603-1605. doi: 10.1016/j.annonc.2020.09.017. Epub 2020 Oct 1.
    • Editorial
    • Alterations of DNA damage repair in cancer: from mechanisms to applications.
    • Jiang M, Jia K, Wang L, Li W, Chen B, Liu Y, Wang H, Zhao S, He Y, Zhou C.
    • Ann Transl Med. 2020 Dec;8(24):1685. doi: 10.21037/atm-20-2920.
    • Development of new poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in ovarian cancer: Quo Vadis?
    • Boussios S, Moschetta M, Karihtala P, Samartzis EP, Sheriff M, Pappas-Gogos G, Ozturk MA, Uccello M, Karathanasi A, Tringos M, Rassy E, Pavlidis N.
    • Ann Transl Med. 2020 Dec;8(24):1706. doi: 10.21037/atm.2020.03.156.
    • The effect of the triazene compound CT913 on ovarian cancer cells in vitro and its synergistic interaction with the PARP-inhibitor olaparib.
    • Wichmann C, Klotz DM, Zeiler HJ, Hilger RA, Grützmann K, Krüger A, Aust D, Wimberger P, Kuhlmann JD.
    • Gynecol Oncol. 2020 Dec;159(3):850-859. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2020.09.018. Epub 2020 Sep 23.
    • Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase induces synthetic lethality in BRIP1 deficient ovarian epithelial cells.
    • Ciccone MA, Adams CL, Bowen C, Thakur T, Ricker C, Culver JO, Maoz A, Melas M, Idos GE, Jeyasekharan AD, Matsuo K, Roman LD, Gruber SB, McDonnell KJ.
    • Gynecol Oncol. 2020 Dec;159(3):869-876. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2020.09.040. Epub 2020 Oct 5.
    • Identification of probe-quality degraders for Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1).
    • Zhang Z, Chang X, Zhang C, Zeng S, Liang M, Ma Z, Wang Z, Huang W, Shen Z.
    • J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2020 Dec;35(1):1606-1615. doi: 10.1080/14756366.2020.1804382.
    • Gemogenovatucel-T (Vigil) immunotherapy as maintenance in frontline stage III/IV ovarian cancer (VITAL): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2b trial.
    • Rocconi RP, Grosen EA, Ghamande SA, Chan JK, Barve MA, Oh J, Tewari D, Morris PC, Stevens EE, Bottsford-Miller JN, Tang M, Aaron P, Stanbery L, Horvath S, Wallraven G, Bognar E, Manning L, Nemunaitis J, Shanahan D, Slomovitz BM, Herzog TJ, Monk BJ, Coleman RL.
    • Lancet Oncol. 2020 Dec;21(12):1661-1672. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30533-7.
    • Novel poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases inhibitor DHC-1 exhibits in vitro and in vivo anticancer activity on BRCA-deficient pancreatic cancer cells.
    • Wu X, Li Q, Zhang F, Wang L, Wang J, Fan J, Di G, Guo C.
    • Food Chem Toxicol. 2020 Nov 30:111892. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2020.111892. Epub ahead of print.
    • Identification of regulators of poly-ADP-ribose polymerase inhibitor response through complementary CRISPR knockout and activation screens.
    • Clements KE, Schleicher EM, Thakar T, Hale A, Dhoonmoon A, Tolman NJ, Sharma A, Liang X, Imamura Kawasawa Y, Nicolae CM, Wang HG, De S, Moldovan GL.
    • Nat Commun. 2020 Nov 30;11(1):6118. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-19961-w.
    • Identification of 2-substituted pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyridazine derivatives as new PARP-1 inhibitors.
    • Xiang HY, Chen JY, Huan XJ, Chen Y, Gao ZB, Ding J, Miao ZH, Yang CH.
    • Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2020 Nov 24:127710. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2020.127710. Epub ahead of print.
    • PARPs, PAR and NAD Metabolism and Their Inhibitors in Cancer.
    • Curtin N, Bai P.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Nov 24;12(12):3494. doi: 10.3390/cancers12123494.
    • Olaparib Monotherapy as Primary Treatment in Unselected Triple Negative Breast Cancer.
    • Eikesdal HP, Yndestad S, Elzawahry A, Llop-Guevara A, Gilje B, Blix ES, Espelid H, Lundgren S, Geisler J, Vagstad G, Venizelos A, Minsaas L, Leirvaag B, Gudlaugsson EG, Vintermyr OK, Aase HS, Aas T, Balmaña J, Serra V, Janssen EAM, Knappskog S, Lønning PE.
    • Ann Oncol. 2020 Nov 23:S0923-7534(20)43164-3. doi: 10.1016/j.annonc.2020.11.009. Epub ahead of print.
    • Nanoparticle Formulations of Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy.
    • Singh B, Yang S, Krishna A, Sridhar S.
    • Front Chem. 2020 Nov 23;8:594619. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2020.594619.
    • Therapeutic Potential of PARP Inhibitors in the Treatment of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.
    • Jang A, Sartor O, Barata PC, Paller CJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Nov 21;12(11):3467. doi: 10.3390/cancers12113467.
    • Olaparib in BRCA+ Pancreatic Cancer: Cost-effectiveness Analyzed.
    • Nelson R.
    • Medscape. Medical News. 2020 Nov 19.

    Original research:

    Cost-Effectiveness of Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

    • Frequency and prognostic value of mutations associated with the homologous recombination DNA repair pathway in a large pan cancer cohort.
    • Principe DR, Narbutis M, Koch R, Rana A.
    • Sci Rep. 2020 Nov 19;10(1):20223. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-76975-6.
    • Beware Liquid Biopsies to Guide PARP Blockade.
    • [No author given]
    • Cancer Discov. 2020 Nov 18. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-NB2020-105. Epub ahead of print.
    • Research news
    • Myriad Genetics Expands MyChoice CDx Access Through Partnerships in Europe, China.
    • [No author given]
    • Precision Oncology News. 2020 Nov 16.
    • Olaparib is effective for recurrent urothelial carcinoma with BRCA2 pathogenic germline mutation: first report on olaparib response in recurrent UC.
    • Yang H, Liu Z, Wang Y, Li J, Li R, Wang Q, Hu C, Jiang H, Wu H, Song L, Bai Y.
    • Ther Adv Med Oncol. 2020 Nov 11;12:1758835920970845. doi: 10.1177/1758835920970845.
    • Predictive and Prognostic Value of DNA Damage Response Associated Kinases in Solid Tumors.
    • Gachechiladze M, Skarda J, Bouchalova K, Soltermann A, Joerger M.
    • Front Oncol. 2020 Nov 3;10:581217. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.581217.
    • Cost-Effectiveness of Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.
    • Wu B, Shi L.
    • J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2020 Nov 2;18(11):1528-1536. doi: 10.6004/jnccn.2020.7587.

    Press: Olaparib in BRCA+ Pancreatic Cancer: Cost-effectiveness Analyzed. (Medscape)

    Research news: Lynparza Cost-Effectiveness Analysis IDs Pancreatic Cancer Subgroups That Derive Most Benefit. (Precision Oncology News)

    • BRCA1 Mutations in Cancer: Coordinating Deficiencies in Homologous Recombination with Tumorigenesis.
    • Krais JJ, Johnson N.
    • Cancer Res. 2020 Nov 1;80(21):4601-4609. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-1830. Epub 2020 Aug 3.
    • Molecular characteristics of BRCA1/2 and PALB2 mutations in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
    • Seeber A, Zimmer K, Kocher F, Puccini A, Xiu J, Nabhan C, Elliott A, Goldberg RM, Grothey A, Shields AF, Battaglin F, El-Deiry WS, Philip PA, Marshall JL, Hall M, Korn WM, Lenz HJ, Wolf D, Feistritzer C, Spizzo G.
    • ESMO Open. 2020 Nov;5(6):e000942. doi: 10.1136/esmoopen-2020-000942.
    • PARP Inhibitor in Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma Beyond BRCA and Related Genetic Mutations.
    • Alexandre J, Ray-Coquard I, Joly F.
    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2020 Nov;4:1025-1026. doi: 10.1200/PO.20.00177.
    • Identification of colorectal cancers with defective DNA damage repair by immunohistochemical profiling of mismatch repair proteins, CDX2 and BRCA1.
    • Rajarajan S, C E A, Jose B, Correa M, Sengupta S, Prabhu JS.
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    • Stopsack KH.
    • Eur Urol. 2020 Oct 1:S0302-2838(20)30716-8. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2020.09.024. Epub ahead of print.

    Letter:

    Efficacy of PARP Inhibition in Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer is Very Different with Non-BRCA DNA Repair Alterations: Reconstructing Prespecified Endpoints for Cohort B from the Phase 3 PROfound Trial of Olaparib. Eur Urol. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2020.09.024.

    Letter:

    Efficacy of PARP Inhibition in Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer is Very Different with Non-BRCA DNA Repair Alterations: Reconstructing Prespecified Endpoints for Cohort B from the Phase 3 PROfound Trial of Olaparib. Eur Urol. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2020.09.024 .

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    Press, Conference report: Gene-Specific Exploratory Analysis Sheds Light on Lynparza Benefit in HRR-Mutated Prostate Cancer (Precision Oncology News)

    Press: EMA Committee Recommends Narrower Lynparza Indication for Metastatic Prostate Cancer Than FDA. (Precision Oncology News)

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    • PARP Inhibitors in Biliary Tract Cancer: A New Kid on the Block?
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    • FORCE. XRAYS. 2020 Aug 18.

    Original research:

    Veliparib with First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in Ovarian Cancer.

    • When and How to Use PARP Inhibitors in Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature with an Update on On-Going Trials.
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    • PARP Inhibitors in the Management of Ovarian Cancer: ASCO Guideline.
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    • Molecular signatures of BRCAness analysis identifies PARP inhibitor Niraparib as a novel targeted therapeutic strategy for soft tissue Sarcomas.
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    • PARP Inhibitors in Endometrial Cancer: Current Status and Perspectives.
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    • PARP inhibitors in castration-resistant prostate cancer.
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    • Review
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    • Inactivation of the Prolyl Isomerase Pin1 Sensitizes BRCA1-Proficient Breast Cancer to PARP Inhibition.
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    Commentary:

    A Novel Mechanism to Induce BRCAness in Cancer Cells.

    • A Phase I/II Study of Veliparib (ABT-888) in combination with 5-Fluorouracil and Oxaliplatin in Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.
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    • Review
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    • J Mol Diagn. 2020 Jun 20:S1525-1578(20)30359-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2020.06.002. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • PARP inhibitor resistance: the underlying mechanisms and clinical implications.
    • Li H, Liu ZY, Wu N, Chen YC, Cheng Q, Wang J.
    • Mol Cancer. 2020 Jun 20;19(1):107. doi: 10.1186/s12943-020-01227-0.
    • Somatic and Germline BRCA 1 and 2 Mutations in Advanced NSCLC From the SAFIR02-Lung Trial.
    • Remon J, Besse B, Leary A, Bièche I, Job B, Lacroix L, Auguste A, Mauduit M, Audigier-Valette C, Raimbourg J, Madroszyk A, Michels S, Bayar MA, Jimenez M, Soria JC, Rouleau E, Barlesi F.
    • JTO Clin Res Rep. 2020 Jun 11;1(3):100068. doi: 10.1016/j.jtocrr.2020.100068.
    • Combined PARP Inhibition and Immune Checkpoint Therapy in Solid Tumors.
    • Peyraud F, Italiano A.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Jun 9;12(6):E1502. doi: 10.3390/cancers12061502.
    • Germline Testing In Advanced Cancer Can Lead to Targeted Tx.
    • Nelson R.
    • Medscape. Conference News. 2020 Jun 2.
    • Non-BRCA DNA Damage Repair Gene Alterations and Response to the PARP Inhibitor Rucaparib in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Analysis From the Phase II TRITON2 Study.
    • Abida W, Campbell D, Patnaik A, Shapiro JD, Sautois B, Vogelzang NJ, Voog EG, Bryce AH, McDermott R, Ricci F, Rowe J, Zhang J, Piulats JM, Fizazi K, Merseburger AS, Higano CS, Krieger LE, Ryan CJ, Feng FY, Simmons AD, Loehr A, Despain D, Dowson M, Green F, Watkins SP, Golsorkhi T, Chowdhury S.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Jun 1;26(11):2487-2496. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-0394. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

    Research review:

    Honing in on PARPi Response in Prostate Cancer: from HR Pathway to Gene-by-Gene Granularity.

    • Genetic and epigenetic profiling of BRCA1/2 in ovarian tumors reveals additive diagnostic yield and evidence of a genomic BRCA1/2 DNA methylation signature.
    • Aref-Eshghi E, McGee JD, Pedro VP, Kerkhof J, Stuart A, Ainsworth PJ, Lin H, Volodarsky M, McLachlin CM, Sadikovic B.
    • J Hum Genet. 2020 Jun 1. doi: 10.1038/s10038-020-0780-4. Epub ahead of print.
    • Phase I dose-escalation and expansion study of PARP inhibitor, fluzoparib (SHR3162), in patients with advanced solid tumors.
    • Li H, Liu R, Shao B, Ran R, Song G, Wang K, Shi Y, Liu J, Hu W, Chen F, Liu X, Zhang G, Zhao C, Jia R, Wang Q, Rugo HS, Zhang Y, Li G, Xu J.
    • Chin J Cancer Res. 2020 Jun;32(3):370-382. doi: 10.21147/j.issn.1000-9604.2020.03.08.
    • Molecular profile of BRCA-mutated biliary tract cancers.
    • Spizzo G, Puccini A, Xiu J, Goldberg RM, Grothey A, Shields AF, Arora SP, Khushmann M, Salem ME, Battaglin F, Baca Y, El-Deiry WS, Philip PA, Nassem M, Hall M, Marshall JL, Kocher F, Amann A, Wolf D, Korn WM, Lenz H, Seeber A.
    • ESMO Open. 2020 Jun;5(3):e000682. doi: 10.1136/esmoopen-2020-000682.
    • Germline Results From Tumor-Normal Sequencing Guides Precision Therapy in Advanced Cancer Patients.
    • Ray T.
    • Precision Oncology News. 2020 May 31.

    Guidelines:

    Points to consider for reporting of germline variation in patients undergoing tumor testing: a statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).

    • Q&A: ACMG Work Group Hoping to Spark Discussion on Reporting Germline Findings From Tumor Testing.
    • Ray T.
    • Precision Oncology News. 2020 May 21.
    • News

    Guidelines:

    Points to consider for reporting of germline variation in patients undergoing tumor testing: a statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).

    • FDA Approves Lynparza With Myriad, Foundation Med CDx Tests in HRR-Mutated Prostate Cancer
    • [No author given]
    • GenomeWeb. 2020 May 20.
    • Biomarker-Guided Development of DNA Repair Inhibitors.
    • Cleary JM, Aguirre AJ, Shapiro GI, D'Andrea AD.
    • Mol Cell. 2020 May 17:S1097-2765(20)30277-X. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2020.04.035. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors in prostate and urothelial cancer.
    • Brönimann S, Lemberger U, Bruchbacher A, Shariat SF, Hassler MR.
    • Curr Opin Urol. 2020 May 13. doi: 10.1097/MOU.0000000000000776. Epub ahead of print.
    • Review
    • Integration of multiple biological contexts reveals principles of synthetic lethality that affect reproducibility.
    • Ku AA, Hu HM, Zhao X, Shah KN, Kongara S, Wu D, McCormick F, Balmain A, Bandyopadhyay S.
    • Nat Commun. 2020 May 12;11(1):2375. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-16078-y.
    • The Impact of Whole Genome Data on Therapeutic Decision-Making in Metastatic Prostate Cancer: A Retrospective Analysis.
    • Crumbaker M, Chan EKF, Gong T, Corcoran N, Jaratlerdsiri W, Lyons RJ, Haynes AM, Kulidjian AA, Kalsbeek AMF, Petersen DC, Stricker PD, Jamieson CAM, Croucher PI, Hovens CM, Joshua AM, Hayes VM.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 May 7;12(5):E1178. doi: 10.3390/cancers12051178.
    • Replication Fork Remodeling and Therapy Escape in DNA Damage Response-Deficient Cancers.
    • Liptay M, Barbosa JS, Rottenberg S.
    • Front Oncol. 2020 May 5;10:670. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.00670.
    • PARP inhibitors as a new therapeutic option in metastatic prostate cancer: a systematic review.
    • Ratta R, Guida A, Scotté F, Neuzillet Y, Teillet AB, Lebret T, Beuzeboc P.
    • Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2020 May 4. doi: 10.1038/s41391-020-0233-3. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Review
    • Integrating Genetic and Genomic Testing Into Oncology Practice.
    • Domchek SM, Mardis E, Carlisle JW, Owonikoko TK.
    • Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2020 May;40:e259-e263. doi: 10.1200/EDBK_280607.
    • Neoantigen load and HLA-class I expression identify a subgroup of tumors with a T-cell-inflamed phenotype and favorable prognosis in homologous recombination-proficient high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma.
    • Matsushita H, Hasegawa K, Oda K, Yamamoto S, Asada K, Karasaki T, Yabuno A, Nishijima A, Nejo T, Kobayashi Y, Sato S, Ikeda Y, Miyai M, Takahashi Y, Yamaguchi R, Fujiwara K, Aburatani H, Kakimi K.
    • J Immunother Cancer. 2020 May;8(1):e000375. doi: 10.1136/jitc-2019-000375.
    • Rucaparib for patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent ovarian carcinoma (ARIEL3): post-progression outcomes and updated safety results from a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.
    • Ledermann JA, Oza AM, Lorusso D, Aghajanian C, Oaknin A, Dean A, Colombo N, Weberpals JI, Clamp AR, Scambia G, Leary A, Holloway RW, Gancedo MA, Fong PC, Goh JC, O'Malley DM, Armstrong DK, Banerjee S, García-Donas J, Swisher EM, Cameron T, Maloney L, Goble S, Coleman RL.
    • Lancet Oncol. 2020 May;21(5):710-722. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30061-9.

    Commentary, Introductory article:

    Expanding use of rucaparib as maintenance therapy in recurrent ovarian cancer: updates from the ARIEL3 trial.

    • GSK Gets Broad Zejula Indication in Ovarian Cancer; FDA Deems Myriad Genetics' Test Complementary
    • [No author given.]
    • GenomeWeb. Business & Policy. 2020 Apr 30.

    Original research:

    Niraparib in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Advanced Ovarian Cancer.

    • Pan-Cancer Analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Genomic Alterations and Their Association With Genomic Instability as Measured by Genome-Wide Loss of Heterozygosity.
    • Sokol ES, Pavlick D, Khiabanian H, Frampton GM, Ross JS, Gregg JP, Lara PN, Oesterreich S, Agarwal N, Necchi A, Miller VA, Alexander B, Ali SM, Ganesan S, Chung JH.
    • JCO Precis Oncol. 2020;4:442-465. doi: 10.1200/po.19.00345. Epub 2020 Apr 30.
    • FDA approves niraparib for first-line maintenance of advanced ovarian cancer.
    • [No author given.]
    • U.S. Food & Drug Administration. Drug Approvals and Databases. 2020 Apr 29.

    Research review: Study: New FDA approval for maintenance therapy in ovarian cancer. (FORCE. XRAYS.)

    • TMB: a promising immune-response biomarker, and potential spearhead in advancing targeted therapy trials.
    • Choucair K, Morand S, Stanbery L, Edelman G, Dworkin L, Nemunaitis J.
    • Cancer Gene Ther. 2020 Apr 28. doi: 10.1038/s41417-020-0174-y. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Review
    • Therapeutic Potential of Combining PARP Inhibitor and Immunotherapy in Solid Tumors.
    • Vikas P, Borcherding N, Chennamadhavuni A, Garje R.
    • Front Oncol. 2020 Apr 28;10:570. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.00570.
    • Olaparib for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.
    • de Bono J, Mateo J, Fizazi K, Saad F, Shore N, Sandhu S, Chi KN, Sartor O, Agarwal N, Olmos D, Thiery-Vuillemin A, Twardowski P, Mehra N, Goessl C, Kang J, Burgents J, Wu W, Kohlmann A, Adelman CA, Hussain M.
    • N Engl J Med. 2020 Apr 28. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1911440. [Epub ahead of print]
    • A single nucleotide variant of human PARP1 determines response to PARP inhibitors.
    • Cashman R, Zilberberg A, Priel A, Philip H, Varvak A, Jacob A, Shoval I, Efroni S.
    • NPJ Precis Oncol. 2020 Apr 27;4:10. doi: 10.1038/s41698-020-0113-2. eCollection 2020.
    • Points to consider for reporting of germline variation in patients undergoing tumor testing: a statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).
    • Li MM, Chao E, Esplin ED, Miller DT, Nathanson KL, Plon SE, Scheuner MT, Stewart DR; ACMG Professional Practice and Guidelines Committee.
    • Genet Med. 2020 Apr 23. doi: 10.1038/s41436-020-0783-8. Epub ahead of print.

    News, Interview: Q&A: ACMG Work Group Hoping to Spark Discussion on Reporting Germline Findings From Tumor Testing. (Precision Oncology News)

    • Genomic Landscape of Uterine Sarcomas Defined through Prospective Clinical Sequencing.
    • Hensley ML, Chavan SS, Solit DB, Murali R, Soslow R, Chiang S, Jungbluth AA, Bandlamudi C, Srinivasan P, Tap WD, Rosenbaum E, Taylor BS, Donoghue MTA, Hyman DM.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Apr 16. pii: clincanres.3959.2019. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-3959. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Therapeutic Strategies and Biomarkers to Modulate PARP Activity for Targeted Cancer Therapy.
    • Singh N, Pay SL, Bhandare SB, Arimpur U, Motea EA.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Apr 14;12(4). pii: E972. doi: 10.3390/cancers12040972.
    • Characterization of therapy-related acute leukemia in hereditary breast-ovarian carcinoma patients: role of BRCA1 mutation and topoisomerase II-directed therapy.
    • Bagal B, Kumar R, Gaur T, Talreja V, Bonda A, Patkar N, Shetty D, Kowtal P, Subramanian PG, Gupta S, Sarin R, Hasan SK.
    • Med Oncol. 2020 Apr 10;37(5):48. doi: 10.1007/s12032-020-01371-z.
    • Case report
    • Manage wisely: poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) treatment and adverse events.
    • Madariaga A, Bowering V, Ahrari S, Oza AM, Lheureux S.
    • Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2020 Apr 9. pii: ijgc-2020-001288. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2020-001288. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Recurrent uterine serous carcinoma with a germline pathogenic BRCA2 variant treated using olaparib: A case report.
    • Inoue K, Tsubamoto H, Ueda T, Tajima C, Nakagomi N.
    • Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2020 Apr 5;32:100563. doi: 10.1016/j.gore.2020.100563. eCollection 2020 May.
    • Exploring the Synergy between PARP and CHK1 Inhibition in Matched BRCA2 Mutant and Corrected Cells.
    • Smith HL, Prendergast L, Curtin NJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Apr 4;12(4). pii: E878. doi: 10.3390/cancers12040878.
    • CDK9 inhibitor CDKI-73 is synergetic lethal with PARP inhibitor olaparib in BRCA1 wide-type ovarian cancer.
    • Li J, Zhi X, Chen S, Shen X, Chen C, Yuan L, Guo J, Meng D, Chen M, Yao L.
    • Am J Cancer Res. 2020 Apr 1;10(4):1140-1155. eCollection 2020.
    • Class I histone deacetylase inhibition is synthetic lethal with BRCA1 deficiency in breast cancer cells.
    • Zhang B, Lyu J, Yang EJ, Liu Y, Wu C, Pardeshi L, Tan K, Chen Q, Xu X, Deng CX, Shim JS.
    • Acta Pharm Sin B. 2020 Apr;10(4):615-627. doi: 10.1016/j.apsb.2019.08.008. Epub 2019 Sep 5.
    • Synergistic lethality between PARP-trapping and alantolactone-induced oxidative DNA damage in homologous recombination-proficient cancer cells.
    • Wang H, Zhang S, Song L, Qu M, Zou Z.
    • Oncogene. 2020 Apr;39(14):2905-2920. doi: 10.1038/s41388-020-1191-x. Epub 2020 Feb 6.
    • Pharmacological ascorbate induces 'BRCAness' and enhances the effects of Poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase inhibitors against BRCA1/2 wild-type ovarian cancer.
    • Ma Y, Chen P, Drisko JA, Khabele D, Godwin AK, Chen Q.
    • Oncol Lett. 2020 Apr;19(4):2629-2638. doi: 10.3892/ol.2020.11364. Epub 2020 Jan 31.
    • Metastatic Thymoma Harboring a Deleterious BRCA2 Mutation Derives Durable Clinical Benefit from Olaparib.
    • Principe DR, Kamath SD, Munshi HG, Mohindra NA.
    • Oncologist. 2020 Apr;25(4):301-305. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0393. Epub 2019 Nov 1.
    • Pancreatic cancer patients with germline BRCA mutations can benefit from olaparib treatment.
    • Mukherjee S, Asaithamby A.
    • Transl Cancer Res. 2020 Apr;9(4):2154-2156. doi: 10.21037/tcr.2020.03.07.

    Original research:

    Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

    • Synthetic lethality on drug discovery: an update on cancer therapy.
    • Yar MS, Haider K, Gohel V, Siddiqui NA, Kamal A.
    • Expert Opin Drug Discov. 2020 Mar 31:1-10. doi: 10.1080/17460441.2020.1744560. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Review
    • Myriad Genetics Seeks Japan Approval for Advanced Pancreatic, Prostate Cancer Companion Diagnostic.
    • [No author given]
    • GenomeWeb. 2020 Mar 30.
    • Response of Breast Cancer Cells to PARP Inhibitors Is Independent of BRCA Status.
    • Keung MY, Wu Y, Badar F, Vadgama JV.
    • J Clin Med. 2020 Mar 30;9(4). pii: E940. doi: 10.3390/jcm9040940.
    • Efficacy and safety of PARP inhibitors as the maintenance therapy in ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis of nine randomized controlled trials.
    • Shao F, Liu J, Duan Y, Li L, Liu L, Zhang C, He S.
    • Biosci Rep. 2020 Mar 27;40(3). pii: BSR20192226. doi: 10.1042/BSR20192226.
    • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors: Talazoparib in Ovarian Cancer and Beyond.
    • Boussios S, Abson C, Moschetta M, Rassy E, Karathanasi A, Bhat T, Ghumman F, Sheriff M, Pavlidis N.
    • Drugs R D. 2020 Mar 25. doi: 10.1007/s40268-020-00301-8. [Epub ahead of print]
    • A critical evaluation of methods to interpret drug combinations.
    • Twarog NR, Connelly M, Shelat AA.
    • Sci Rep. 2020 Mar 20;10(1):5144. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-61923-1.
    • [Medical treatment options in BRCA-associated cancers].
    • Kahán Z.
    • Magy Onkol. 2020 Mar 17;64(1):13-24. Epub 2020 Feb 10.
    • Review, [Article in Hungarian]
    • Polyclonal BRCA2 mutations following carboplatin treatment confer resistance to the PARP inhibitor rucaparib in a patient with mCRPC: a case report.
    • Simmons AD, Nguyen M, Pintus E.
    • BMC Cancer. 2020 Mar 14;20(1):215. doi: 10.1186/s12885-020-6657-2.
    • ATM-Deficient Cancers Provide New Opportunities for Precision Oncology.
    • Jette NR, Kumar M, Radhamani S, Arthur G, Goutam S, Yip S, Kolinsky M, Williams GJ, Bose P, Lees-Miller SP.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Mar 14;12(3). pii: E687. doi: 10.3390/cancers12030687.
    • An immune-centric exploration of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutation related breast and ovarian cancers.
    • Przybytkowski E, Davis T, Hosny A, Eismann J, Matulonis UA, Wulf GM, Nabavi S.
    • BMC Cancer. 2020 Mar 12;20(1):197. doi: 10.1186/s12885-020-6605-1.
    • The role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors in the treatment of cancer and methods to overcome resistance: a review.
    • Patel M, Nowsheen S, Maraboyina S, Xia F.
    • Cell Biosci. 2020 Mar 11;10:35. doi: 10.1186/s13578-020-00390-7. eCollection 2020.
    • ATM Loss Confers Greater Sensitivity to ATR Inhibition than PARP Inhibition in Prostate Cancer.
    • Rafiei S, Fitzpatrick K, Liu D, Cai MY, Elmarakeby HA, Park J, Ricker C, Kochupurakkal BS, Choudhury AD, Hahn WC, Balk SP, Hwang JH, Van Allen EM, Mouw KW.
    • Cancer Res. 2020 Mar 3. pii: canres.3126.2019. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-3126. [Epub ahead of print]
    • PARP inhibitors in pancreatic cancer: molecular mechanisms and clinical applications.
    • Zhu H, Wei M, Xu J, Hua J, Liang C, Meng Q, Zhang Y, Liu J, Zhang B, Yu X, Shi S.
    • Mol Cancer. 2020 Mar 2;19(1):49. doi: 10.1186/s12943-020-01167-9.
    • PARP and PARG inhibitors in cancer treatment.
    • Slade D.
    • Genes Dev. 2020 Mar 1;34(5-6):360-394. doi: 10.1101/gad.334516.119. Epub 2020 Feb 6.
    • Complete Response to Chemotherapy in Metastatic Pancreatic Carcinoma Associated with Double Heterozygous Germline Mutation in BRCA2 and CHEK2 Genes - a Case Report.
    • Pazderová N, Urbán V, Makovník M, Macák D, Janega P, Chovanec M, Rejleková K, Mardiak J, Mego M.
    • Klin Onkol. 2020 Spring;33(3):220-225. English. doi: 10.14735/amko2020220.
    • PARP Inhibitors for Ovarian Cancer: Current Indications, Future Combinations, and Novel Assets in Development to Target DNA Damage Repair.
    • Konstantinopoulos PA, Lheureux S, Moore KN.
    • Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2020 Mar;40:1-16. doi: 10.1200/EDBK_288015.
    • SGO Special Topic: PARP Inhibitor Maintenance Therapy after Initial Chemotherapy.
    • Armstrong DK, Eskander R, Cearbhaill R, Pothuri B.
    • Gynecologic Oncology. Podcasts. 2020 Mar.
    • Podcast
    • The Development of Rucaparib/Rubraca®: A Story of the Synergy Between Science and Serendipity.
    • Curtin NJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Feb 29;12(3). pii: E564. doi: 10.3390/cancers12030564.
    • Molecular Mechanisms of PALB2 Function and Its Role in Breast Cancer Management.
    • Wu S, Zhou J, Zhang K, Chen H, Luo M, Lu Y, Sun Y, Chen Y.
    • Front Oncol. 2020 Feb 28;10:301. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2020.00301. eCollection 2020.
    • Therapeutic opportunities for PLK1 inhibitors: Spotlight on BRCA1-deficiency and triple negative breast cancers.
    • García IA, Garro C, Fernandez E, Soria G.
    • Mutat Res. 2020 Feb 25;821:111693. doi: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2020.111693. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Review
    • Non-BRCA DNA Damage Repair Gene Alterations and Response to the PARP Inhibitor Rucaparib in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: analysis from the phase 2 TRITON2 study.
    • Abida W, Campbell D, Patnaik A, Shapiro JD, Sautois B, Vogelzang NJ, Voog EG, Bryce AH, McDermott R, Ricci F, Rowe J, Zhang J, Piulats JM, Fizazi K, Merseburger AS, Higano CS, Krieger LE, Ryan CJ, Feng FY, Simmons AD, Loehr A, Despain D, Dowson M, Green F, Watkins SP, Golsorkhi T, Chowdhury S.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Feb 21. pii: clincanres.0394.2020. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-0394. [Epub ahead of print]

    Research review:

    Honing in on PARPi response in Prostate Cancer: from HR pathway- to gene-by-gene granularity.

    • PARP Inhibitors in Gynecologic Cancers: What Is the Next Big Development?
    • Lightfoot M, Montemorano L, Bixel K.
    • Curr Oncol Rep. 2020 Feb 17;22(3):29. doi: 10.1007/s11912-020-0873-4.
    • Review
    • PARP Inhibitors as Therapeutics: Beyond Modulation of PARylation.
    • Min A, Im SA.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Feb 8;12(2). pii: E394. doi: 10.3390/cancers12020394.
    • Routine plasma-based genotyping to comprehensively detect germline, somatic, and reversion BRCA mutations among patients with advanced solid tumors.
    • Vidula N, Rich TA, Sartor O, Yen J, Hardin A, Nance T, Lilly MB, Nezami MA, Patel SP, Carneiro BA, Fan A, Brufksy AM, Parker BA, Bridges BB, Agarwal N, Maughan BL, Raymond VM, Fairclough SR, Lanman RB, Bardia A, Cristofanilli M.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Feb 7. pii: clincanres.2933.2019. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-2933. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Personalized Treatment Approach to Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer with BRCA2 and PTEN Mutations: A Case Report.
    • Julka PK, Verma A, Gupta K.
    • Case Rep Oncol. 2020 Feb 4;13(1):55-61. doi: 10.1159/000505182. eCollection 2020 Jan-Apr.
    • TDP1 and TOP1 Modulation in Olaparib-Resistant Cancer Determines the Efficacy of Subsequent Chemotherapy.
    • Kim JW, Min A, Im SA, Jang H, Kim YJ, Kim HJ, Lee KH, Kim TY, Lee KW, Oh DY, Kim JH, Bang YJ.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2020 Feb 3;12(2). pii: E334. doi: 10.3390/cancers12020334.
    • Specific Toxicity of Maintenance Olaparib Versus Placebo in Advanced Malignancies: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    • Ricci AD, Rizzo A, Novelli M, Tavolari S, Palloni A, Tober N, Abbati F, Mollica V, DE Lorenzo S, Turchetti D, DI Marco M, Brandi G.
    • Anticancer Res. 2020 Feb;40(2):597-608. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.13989.
    • Review
    • PARP inhibitor-induced torsades de pointes in long QT syndrome: a case report.
    • Segan L, Beekman A, Parfrey S, Perrin M.
    • Eur Heart J Case Rep. 2019 Dec 31;4(1):1-5. doi: 10.1093/ehjcr/ytz230. eCollection 2020 Feb.
    • Treatment of Pediatric Glioblastoma with Combination Olaparib and Temozolomide Demonstrates 2-Year Durable Response.
    • Valiakhmetova A, Gorelyshev S, Konovalov A, Trunin Y, Savateev A, Kram DE, Severson E, Hemmerich A, Edgerly C, Duncan D, Britt N, Huang RSP, Elvin J, Miller V, Ross JS, Gay L, McCorkle J, Rankin A, Erlich RL, Chudnovsky Y, Ramkissoon SH.
    • Oncologist. 2020 Feb;25(2):e198-e202. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0603. Epub 2019 Oct 16.
    • PARP inhibitors: a tsunami of indications in different malignancies.
    • Haddad G, Saadé MC, Eid R, Haddad FG, Kourie HR.
    • Pharmacogenomics. 2020 Feb;21(3):221-230. doi: 10.2217/pgs-2019-0113.
    • Review
    • Magnitude of benefit of the addition of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors to therapy for malignant tumor: A meta-analysis.
    • Gu L, Du N, Jin Q, Li S, Xie L, Mo J, Shen Z, Mao D, Ji J, Khadaroo PA, Chen B.
    • Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2020 Jan 30;147:102888. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2020.102888. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Review
    • Design, Synthesis, and In Vitro Evaluation of the Photoactivatable Prodrug of the PARP Inhibitor Talazoparib.
    • Li J, Xiao D, Liu L, Xie F, Li W, Sun W, Yang X, Zhou X.
    • Molecules. 2020 Jan 18;25(2). pii: E407. doi: 10.3390/molecules25020407.
    • Germline and somatic mutations in prostate cancer: focus on defective DNA repair, PARP inhibitors and immunotherapy.
    • Cimadamore A, Lopez-Beltran A, Massari F, Santoni M, Mazzucchelli R, Scarpelli M, Galosi AB, Cheng L, Montironi R.
    • Future Oncol. 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.2217/fon-2019-0745. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Review, Commentary
    • The metallo-intercalator [Ru(dppz)2(PIP)]2+ renders BRCA wild-type triple-negative breast cancer cells hypersensitive to PARP inhibition.
    • Yusoh NA, Leong SW, Chia SL, Harun SN, Abdul Rahman MB, Vallis KA, Gill MR, Ahmad H.
    • ACS Chem Biol. 2020 Jan 3. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.9b00843. [Epub ahead of print]
    • An exceptional response to olaparib in relapsed and refractory BRCA2 mutated non-small cell lung cancer in hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome.
    • Talreja VT, Noronha V, Joshi A, Patil V, Prabhash K.
    • South Asian J Cancer. 2020 Jan-Mar;9(1):6. doi: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_157_19.
    • FDA Approves First PARP Inhibitor as Frontline Maintenance in Pancreatic Cancer.
    • Kahl KL.
    • Cancernetwork. 2019 Dec 30.
    • FDA Approves Myriad BRACAnalysis CDx for Lynparza in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.
    • [No author given]
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    • FDA Approves AstraZeneca's Lynparza, Myriad Genetics' CDx for BRCA-Positive Pancreatic Cancer.
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    • GenomeWeb. 2019 Dec 30.
    • New Option in Pancreatic Cancer: Olaparib for BRCA Mutations.
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    • LYNPARZA® (olaparib) Approved by FDA as First-Line Maintenance Treatment of Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.
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    • Merck. News Release. 2019 Dec 30.
    • Role of Olaparib as Maintenance Treatment for Ovarian Cancer: The Evidence to Date.
    • Montemorano L, Lightfoot MD, Bixel K.
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    • González-Martín A, Pothuri B, Vergote I, DePont Christensen R, Graybill W, Mirza MR, McCormick C, Lorusso D, Hoskins P, Freyer G, Baumann K, Jardon K, Redondo A, Moore RG, Vulsteke C, O'Cearbhaill RE, Lund B, Backes F, Barretina-Ginesta P, Haggerty AF, Rubio-Pérez MJ, Shahin MS, Mangili G, Bradley WH, Bruchim I, Sun K, Malinowska IA, Li Y, Gupta D, Monk BJ; PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/GOG-3012 Investigators.
    • N Engl J Med. 2019 Dec 19;381(25):2391-2402. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1910962. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

    Research news, Commentary:

    Personalized Medicine for Primary Treatment of Serous Ovarian Cancer.

    Research news: Study: Niraparib increases progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer. (FORCE. XRAYS.)

    Press, Conference report: PARP Inhibitors Move Into First-Line for Ovarian Cancer. (Medscape Oncology)

    See PubMed abstract for multiple additional related items.

    • Veliparib with First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in Ovarian Cancer.
    • Coleman RL, Fleming GF, Brady MF, Swisher EM, Steffensen KD, Friedlander M, Okamoto A, Moore KN, Efrat Ben-Baruch N, Werner TL, Cloven NG, Oaknin A, DiSilvestro PA, Morgan MA, Nam JH, Leath CA 3rd, Nicum S, Hagemann AR, Littell RD, Cella D, Baron-Hay S, Garcia-Donas J, Mizuno M, Bell-McGuinn K, Sullivan DM, Bach BA, Bhattacharya S, Ratajczak CK, Ansell PJ, Dinh MH, Aghajanian C, Bookman MA.
    • N Engl J Med. 2019 Dec 19;381(25):2403-2415. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1909707. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

    Research news, Commentary:

    Personalized Medicine for Primary Treatment of Serous Ovarian Cancer.

    Press, Conference report: PARP Inhibitors Move Into First-Line for Ovarian Cancer. (Medscape Oncology)

    • Personalized Medicine for Primary Treatment of Serous Ovarian Cancer.
    • Longo DL.
    • N Engl J Med. 2019 Dec 19;381(25):2471-2474. doi: 10.1056/NEJMe1914488.
    • Research news, Commentary

    Original research:

    Niraparib in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Advanced Ovarian Cancer.

    Original research:

    Veliparib with First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in Ovarian Cancer.

    Original research:

    Olaparib plus Bevacizumab as First-Line Maintenance in Ovarian Cancer.

    • EGFR amplification induces increased DNA damage response and renders selective sensitivity to Talazoparib (PARP inhibitor) in glioblastoma.
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    Editorial:

    Genotype–phenotype correlation in BRCA1/2 mutation-associated pancreatic cancer.

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    • Study: Niraparib increases progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer.
    • [No author given.]
    • FORCE. XRAYS. 2019 Nov 5.

    Original research:

    Niraparib in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Advanced Ovarian Cancer.

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    • Review
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    • Letter. Comment

    Letter. Comment:

    Maintenance Olaparib for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

    Reply:

    Maintenance Olaparib for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer. Reply.

    Original research:

    Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

    • Parp inhibitors as maintenance treatment in platinum sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer: An updated meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials according to BRCA mutational status.
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    • Success for First-Line PARP Inhibition in Ovarian Cancer.
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    • News
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    • Review
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    • Commentary
    • Amplification of the mutation-carrying BRCA2 allele promotes RAD51 loading and PARP inhibitor resistance in the absence of reversion mutations.
    • Park PH, Yamamoto TM, Li H, Alcivar AL, Xia B, Wang Y, Bernhardy AJ, Turner KM, Kossenkov AV, Watson ZL, Behbakht K, Casadei S, Swisher EM, Mischel PS, Johnson N, Bitler BG.
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    • Commentary

    Original research:

    Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

    • PARP Inhibitors Move Into First-Line for Ovarian Cancer.
    • Chustecka Z.
    • Medscape Oncology. 2019 Sep 29.

    Original research:

    Niraparib in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Advanced Ovarian Cancer.

    Original research:

    Veliparib with First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in Ovarian Cancer.

    • Olaparib maintenance monotherapy in platinum-sensitive, relapsed ovarian cancer without germline BRCA mutations: OPINION Phase IIIb study design.
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    Original research:

    Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

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    • Li A, Geyer FC, Blecua P, Lee JY, Selenica P, Brown DN, Pareja F, Lee SSK, Kumar R, Rivera B, Bi R, Piscuoglio S, Wen HY, Lozada JR, Gularte-Mérida R, Cavallone L; kConFab Investigators, Rezoug Z, Nguyen-Dumont T, Peterlongo P, Tondini C, Terkelsen T, Rønlund K, Boonen SE, Mannerma A, Winqvist R, Janatova M, Rajadurai P, Xia B, Norton L, Robson ME, Ng PS, Looi LM, Southey MC, Weigelt B, Soo-Hwang T, Tischkowitz M, Foulkes WD, Reis-Filho JS.
    • NPJ Breast Cancer. 2019 Aug 8;5:23. doi: 10.1038/s41523-019-0115-9. eCollection 2019.
    • MiR223-3p promotes synthetic lethality in BRCA1-deficient cancers.
    • Srinivasan G, Williamson EA, Kong K, Jaiswal AS, Huang G, Kim HS, Schärer O, Zhao W, Burma S, Sung P, Hromas R.
    • Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Aug 8. pii: 201903150. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1903150116. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Myriad to Pursue mCRPC Approval for BRACAnalysis CDx
    • [No author given.]
    • Clinical Omics. 2019 Aug 7.
    • Myriad Genetics Seeking Additional FDA Approval for BRACAnalysis CDx.
    • [No author given]
    • GenomeWeb. 2019 Aug 7.
    • An Analysis of Patients with DNA Repair Pathway Mutations Treated with a PARP Inhibitor.
    • Borazanci E, Korn R, Liang WS, Guarnieri C, Haag S, Snyder C, Hendrickson K, Caldwell L, Von Hoff D, Jameson G.
    • Oncologist. 2019 Aug 7. pii: theoncologist.2018-0905. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2018-0905. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Preparation and Comparison of Oral Bioavailability for Different Nano-formulations of Olaparib.
    • Pathade AD, Kommineni N, Bulbake U, Thummar MM, Samanthula G, Khan W.
    • AAPS PharmSciTech. 2019 Aug 6;20(7):276. doi: 10.1208/s12249-019-1468-y.
    • Paradigm Shifting of Systemic Chemotherapy for Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer in Japan.
    • Furuse J.
    • J Clin Med. 2019 Aug 4;8(8). pii: E1170. doi: 10.3390/jcm8081170.
    • Design, synthesis and evaluation of phthalazinone thiohydantoin-based derivative as potent PARP-1 inhibitors.
    • Zhong Y, Meng Y, Xu X, Zhao L, Li Z, You Q, Bian J.
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    • Bringing Prostate Cancer Germline Genetics into Clinical Practice.
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    • Cationic liposome codelivering PI3K pathway regulator improves the response of BRCA1-deficient breast cancer cells to PARP1 inhibition.
    • Zhang H, Yu N, Chen Y, Yan K, Wang X.
    • J Cell Biochem. 2019 Aug;120(8):13037-13045. doi: 10.1002/jcb.28574. Epub 2019 Mar 14.
    • Defining and Modulating 'BRCAness'.
    • Byrum AK, Vindigni A, Mosammaparast N.
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    • Review
    • PARP Inhibitors in Prostate Cancer-The PreclinicalRationale and Current Clinical Development.
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    • Genes (Basel). 2019 Jul 26;10(8). pii: E565. doi: 10.3390/genes10080565.
    • Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.
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    • N Engl J Med. 2019 Jul 25;381(4):317-327. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1903387. Epub 2019 Jun 2.

    See PubMed abstract for multiple related items.

    • Emerging Roles of RAD52 in Genome Maintenance.
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    • Molecular Testing Identifies Determinants of Exceptional Response and Guides Precision Therapy in a Patient with Lethal, Treatment-emergent Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer.
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    • Cureus. 2019 Jul 22;11(7):e5197. doi: 10.7759/cureus.5197.
    • Clinical utility of FoundationOne tissue molecular profiling in men with metastatic prostate cancer.
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    • The role of BRCA1/2 in hereditary and familial breast and ovarian cancers.
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    • Targeting autophagy potentiates the anti-tumor effect of PARP inhibitor in pediatric chronic myeloid leukemia.
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    • Olaparib in germline-mutated metastatic breast cancer: implications of the OlympiAD trial.
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    • Review
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    • Review
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    • Chlorambucil targets BRCA1/2-deficient tumours and counteracts PARP inhibitor resistance.
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    • BRCA1/2 Functional Loss Defines a Targetable Subset in Leiomyosarcoma.
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    • PARP inhibitors for BRCA wild type ovarian cancer; gene alterations, homologous recombination deficiency and combination therapy.
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    • Identification of Novel Biomarkers of Homologous Recombination Defect in DNA Repair to Predict Sensitivity of Prostate Cancer Cells to PARP-Inhibitors.
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    • Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Jun 25;20(12). pii: E3100. doi: 10.3390/ijms20123100.
    • High frequency of pathogenic germline variants within homologous recombination repair in patients with advanced cancer.
    • Bertelsen B, Tuxen IV, Yde CW, Gabrielaite M, Torp MH, Kinalis S, Oestrup O, Rohrberg K, Spangaard I, Santoni-Rugiu E, Wadt K, Mau-Sorensen M, Lassen U, Nielsen FC.
    • NPJ Genom Med. 2019 Jun 21;4:13. doi: 10.1038/s41525-019-0087-6. eCollection 2019.
    • A decade of clinical development of PARP inhibitors in perspective.
    • Mateo J, Lord CJ, Serra V, Tutt A, Balmaña J, Castroviejo-Bermejo M, Cruz C, Oaknin A, Kaye SB, de Bono JS.
    • Ann Oncol. 2019 Jun 20. pii: mdz192. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdz192. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Resolution Bioscience, Janssen Partner to Develop CDx for Niraparib in Prostate Cancer.
    • [No author given]
    • GenomeWeb. 2019 Jun 19.
    • A Mechanistic Approach to understand the Allosteric Reverse Signaling by Selective and Trapping Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase 1 (PARP-1) Inhibitors.
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    • J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2019 Jun 16:1-12. doi: 10.1080/07391102.2019.1633406. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Loss of ARID1A in Tumor Cells Renders Selective Vulnerability to Combined Ionizing Radiation and PARP Inhibitor Therapy.
    • Park Y, Chui MH, Suryo Rahmanto Y, Yu ZC, Shamanna RA, Bellani MA, Gaillard S, Ayhan A, Viswanathan A, Seidman MM, Franco S, Leung AKL, Bohr VA, Shih IM, Wang TL.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Jun 13. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-4222. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Exploiting interconnected synthetic lethal interactions between PARP inhibition and cancer cell reversible senescence.
    • Fleury H, Malaquin N, Tu V, Gilbert S, Martinez A, Olivier MA, Sauriol A, Communal L, Leclerc-Desaulniers K, Carmona E, Provencher D, Mes-Masson AM, Rodier F.
    • Nat Commun. 2019 Jun 11;10(1):2556. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-10460-1.
    • Efficacy and Safety Exposure-Response Analyses of Olaparib Capsule and Tablet Formulations in Oncology Patients.
    • Zhou D, Li J, Learoyd M, Bui K, Berges A, Milenkova T, Al-Huniti N, Tomkinson H, Xu H.
    • Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Jun;105(6):1492-1500. doi: 10.1002/cpt.1338. Epub 2019 Feb 22.
    • Review
    • PARP Inhibition Increases the Response to Chemotherapy in Uveal Melanoma.
    • de Koning L, Decaudin D, El Botty R, Nicolas A, Carita G, Schuller M, Ouine B, Cartier A, Naguez A, Fleury J, Cooke V, Wylie A, Smith P, Marangoni E, Gentien D, Meseure D, Mariani P, Cassoux N, Piperno-Neumann S, Roman-Roman S, Némati F.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2019 May 29;11(6). pii: E751. doi: 10.3390/cancers11060751.
    • Discovery of naphthacemycins as a novel class of PARP1 inhibitors.
    • Shen W, Lu X, Zhu J, Mu Y, Xu Y, Gao J, Zhang X, Zheng Z.
    • Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2019 May 28. pii: S0960-894X(19)30361-0. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2019.05.055. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Chlorambucil targets BRCA1/2-deficient tumours and counteracts PARP inhibitor resistance.
    • Tacconi EM, Badie S, De Gregoriis G, Reisländer T, Lai X, Porru M, Folio C, Moore J, Kopp A, Baguña Torres J, Sneddon D, Green M, Dedic S, Lee JW, Batra AS, Rueda OM, Bruna A, Leonetti C, Caldas C, Cornelissen B, Brino L, Ryan A, Biroccio A, Tarsounas M.
    • EMBO Mol Med. 2019 May 24. pii: e9982. doi: 10.15252/emmm.201809982. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Novel poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, AZD2461, down-regulates VEGF and induces apoptosis in prostate cancer cells.
    • Sargazi S, Saravani R, Zavar Reza J, Zarei Jaliani H, Galavi H, Liliya Viacheslavovna M, Abtahi NA.
    • Iran Biomed J. 2019 May 18. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Whole-genome sequencing reveals clinically relevant insights into the aetiology of familial breast cancers.
    • Nones K, Johnson J, Newell F, Patch AM, Thorne H, Kazakoff SH, de Luca XM, Parsons MT, Ferguson K, Reid L, Reed AEM, Srihari S, Lakis V, Davidson AL, Mukhopadhyay P, Holmes O, Xu Q, Wood S, Leonard C; Kathleen Cuningham Foundation Consortium for Research into Familial Aspects of Breast Cancer (kConFab); Australian Breast Cancer Tissue Bank (ABCTB); Brisbane Breast Bank (BBB), Beesley J, Harris J, Barnes D, Degasperi A, Ragan MA, Spurdle AB, Khanna KK, Lakhani SR, Pearson JV, Nik-Zainal S, Chenevix-Trench G, Waddell N, Simpson PT.
    • Ann Oncol. 2019 May 15. pii: mdz132. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdz132. [Epub ahead of print]

    Editorial:

    Journey's End: the quest for BRCA-like hereditary breast cancer genes is nearly over.

    • Phosphatase 1 Nuclear Targeting Subunit Mediates Recruitment and Function of Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1 in DNA Repair.
    • Wang F, Zhu S, Fisher LA, Wang L, Eurek NJ, Wahl JK 3rd, Lan L, Peng A.
    • Cancer Res. 2019 May 15;79(10):2526-2535. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-1673. Epub 2019 Feb 7.
    • Commentary
    • [New therapeutic strategies in advanced stage breast and tubo-ovarian cancers].
    • Nikolopoulou A, Galli-Vareia I, Stravodimou A, Sarivalasis A, Zaman K.
    • Rev Med Suisse. 2019 May 15;15(651):1027-1031.
    • Review, [Article in French]
    • Cediranib suppresses homology-directed DNA repair through down-regulation of BRCA1/2 and RAD51.
    • Kaplan AR, Gueble SE, Liu Y, Oeck S, Kim H, Yun Z, Glazer PM.
    • Sci Transl Med. 2019 May 15;11(492). pii: eaav4508. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aav4508.

    Research news:

    Mechanism of Cediranib/Olaparib Combo Revealed.

    • A Comparison of DNA Mutation and Copy Number Profiles of Primary Breast Cancers and Paired Brain Metastases for Identifying Clinically Relevant Genetic Alterations in Brain Metastases.
    • Tyran M, Carbuccia N, Garnier S, Guille A, Adelaïde J, Finetti P, Toulzian J, Viens P, Tallet A, Goncalves A, Metellus P, Birnbaum D, Chaffanet M, Bertucci F.
    • Cancers (Basel). 2019 May 13;11(5):665. doi: 10.3390/cancers11050665.
    • Current status and future prospects of PARP inhibitor clinical trials in ovarian cancer.
    • Jiang X, Li W, Li X, Bai H, Zhang Z.
    • Cancer Manag Res. 2019 May 10;11:4371-4390. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S200524. eCollection 2019.
    • Re: Catherine H. Marshall, Alexandra O. Sokolova, Andrea L. McNatty, et al. Differential Response to Olaparib Treatment Among Men with Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Harboring BRCA1 or BRCA2 Versus ATM Mutations. Eur Urol. In press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2019.02.002.
    • Liang J, Beckta JM, Bindra RS.
    • Eur Urol. 2019 May 9. pii: S0302-2838(19)30358-6. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2019.04.041. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Letter, Commentary

    Original research:

    Differential Response to Olaparib Treatment Among Men with Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Harboring BRCA1 or BRCA2 Versus ATM Mutations.

    • The mechanism of cancer cell death by PARP inhibitors goes beyond DNA damage alone.
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    • Letter
    • Alterations in DNA damage repair genes in primary liver cancer.
    • Lin J, Shi J, Guo H, Yang X, Jiang Y, Long J, Bai Y, Wang D, Yang X, Wan X, Zhang L, Pan J, Hu K, Guan M, Huo L, Sang X, Wang K, Zhao H.
    • Clin Cancer Res. 2019 May 8. pii: clincanres.0127.2019. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-0127. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Design and Synthesis of Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase Inhibitors: Impact of Adenosine Pocket-Binding Motif Appendage to the 3-Oxo-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-carboxamide on Potency and Selectivity.
    • Velagapudi UK, Langelier MF, Delgado-Martin C, Diolaiti ME, Bakker S, Ashworth A, Patel BA, Shao X, Pascal JM, Talele TT.
    • J Med Chem. 2019 May 1. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b01709. [Epub ahead of print]
    • DNA repair defects in prostate cancer: impact for screening, prognostication and treatment.
    • Warner EW, Yip SM, Chi KN, Wyatt AW.
    • BJU Int. 2019 May;123(5):769-776. doi: 10.1111/bju.14576. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
    • Review
    • Bridging Olaparib Capsule and Tablet Formulations Using Population Pharmacokinetic Meta-analysis in Oncology Patients.
    • Zhou D, Li J, Bui K, Learoyd M, Berges A, Milenkova T, Al-Huniti N, Tomkinson H, Xu H.
    • Clin Pharmacokinet. 2019 May;58(5):615-625. doi: 10.1007/s40262-018-0714-x.
    • BMN 673 (talazoparib): A potent PARP inhibitor for triple negative breast cancer with different genetic profile.
    • Guney Eskiler G, Cecener G, Egeli U, Tunca B.
    • J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2019 May;33(5):e22286. doi: 10.1002/jbt.22286. Epub 2019 Jan 23.
    • Integrating poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in the treatment of early breast cancer.
    • Garber HR, Litton JK.
    • Curr Opin Oncol. 2019 May;31(3):247-255. doi: 10.1097/CCO.0000000000000516.
    • Review
    • Analysis of DNA Damage Response Gene Alterations and Tumor Mutational Burden Across 17,486 Tubular Gastrointestinal Carcinomas: Implications for Therapy.
    • Parikh AR, He Y, Hong TS, Corcoran RB, Clark JW, Ryan DP, Zou L, Ting DT, Catenacci DV, Chao J, Fakih M, Klempner SJ, Ross JS, Frampton GM, Miller VA, Ali SM, Schrock AB.
    • Oncologist. 2019 Apr 30. pii: theoncologist.2019-0034. doi: 10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0034. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Reviewing the characteristics of BRCA and PALB2-related cancers in the precision medicine era.
    • Macedo GS, Alemar B, Ashton-Prolla P.
    • Genet Mol Biol. 2019 Apr 29. pii: S1415-47572019005015101. doi: 10.1590/1678-4685-GMB-2018-0104. [Epub ahead of print]
    • DAXX, as a Tumor Suppressor, Impacts DNA Damage Repair and Sensitizes BRCA-Proficient TNBC Cells to PARP Inhibitors.
    • Shi Y, Jin J, Wang X, Ji W, Guan X.
    • Neoplasia. 2019 Apr 24;21(6):533-544. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2019.04.001. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Phase I/Ib study of olaparib and carboplatin in heavily pretreated recurrent high-grade serous ovarian cancer at low genetic risk.
    • Lampert EJ, Hays JL, Kohn EC, Annunziata CM, Minasian L, Yu M, Gordon N, Sissung TM, Chiou VL, Figg WD, Houston N, Lee JM.
    • Oncotarget. 2019 Apr 23;10(30):2855-2868. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.26869. eCollection 2019 Apr 23.
    • MUC1-C Integrates Chromatin Remodeling and PARP1 Activity in the DNA Damage Response of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells.
    • Yamamoto M, Jin C, Hata T, Yasumizu Y, Zhang Y, Hong D, Maeda T, Miyo M, Hiraki M, Suzuki Y, Hinohara K, Rajabi H, Kufe D.
    • Cancer Res. 2019 Apr 15;79(8):2031-2041. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-3259. Epub 2019 Mar 1.
    • Detecting the mutational signature of homologous recombination deficiency in clinical samples.
    • Gulhan DC, Lee JJ, Melloni GEM, Cortés-Ciriano I, Park PJ.
    • Nat Genet. 2019 Apr 15. doi: 10.1038/s41588-019-0390-2. [Epub ahead of print]
    • N6-methylation of adenosine (m6A) of FZD10 mRNA contributes to PARP inhibitor resistance.
    • Fukumoto T, Zhu H, Nacarelli T, Karakashev S, Fatkhutdinov N, Wu S, Liu P, Kossenkov AV, Showe LC, Jean S, Zhang L, Zhang R.
    • Cancer Res. 2019 Apr 9. pii: canres.3592.2018. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-3592. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Defective homologous recombination DNA repair as therapeutic target in advanced chordoma.
    • Gröschel S, Hübschmann D, Raimondi F, Horak P, Warsow G, Fröhlich M, Klink B, Gieldon L, Hutter B, Kleinheinz K, Bonekamp D, Marschal O, Chudasama P, Mika J, Groth M, Uhrig S, Krämer S, Heining C, Heilig CE, Richter D, Reisinger E, Pfütze K, Eils R, Wolf S, von Kalle C, Brandts C, Scholl C, Weichert W, Richter S, Bauer S, Penzel R, Schröck E, Stenzinger A, Schlenk RF, Brors B, Russell RB, Glimm H, Schlesner M, Fröhling S.
    • Nat Commun. 2019 Apr 9;10(1):1635. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09633-9.
    • Myriad Genetics Expands CDx Collaboration with AstraZeneca, Merck & Co.
    • [No author given.]
    • Clinical Omics. 2019 Apr 4.
    • Dissecting PARP inhibitor resistance with functional genomics.
    • Pettitt SJ, Lord CJ.
    • Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2019 Apr 4;54:55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2019.03.001. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Partnering with PARP inhibitors in acute myeloid leukemia with FLT3-ITD.
    • Dellomo AJ, Baer MR, Rassool FV.
    • Cancer Lett. 2019 Apr 3. pii: S0304-3835(19)30212-5. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2019.03.048. [Epub ahead of print]
    • Maintenance Rucaparib Controls Some Pancreatic Cancers.
    • [No authors listed]
    • Cancer Discov. 2019 Apr 2. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-NB2019-043. [Epub ahead of print]
    • PARP Inhibitors for Maintenance Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer?
    • Castellino AM.
    • Medscape. Medscape Oncology. 2019 Apr 2.

    Conference abstract: CT234 - A Phase II, single arm study of maintenance rucaparib in patients with platinum-sensitive advanced pancreatic cancer and a pathogenic germline or somatic mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 (AACR Annual Meeting 2019)

    • Response to olaparib in a PALB2 germline mutated prostate cancer and genetic events associated with resistance.
    • Horak P, Weischenfeldt J, von Amsberg G, Beyer B, Schütte A, Uhrig S, Gieldon L, Klink B, Feuerbach L, Hübschmann D, Kreutzfeldt S, Heining C, Maier S, Hutter B, Penzel R, Schlesner M, Eils R, Sauter G, Stenzinger A, Brors B, Schröck E, Glimm H, Fröhling S, Schlomm T.
    • Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2019 Apr 1;5(2). pii: a003657. doi: 10.1101/mcs.a003657. Print 2019 Apr.
    • Niraparib monotherapy for late-line treatment of ovarian cancer (QUADRA): a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 trial.
    • Moore KN, Secord AA, Geller MA, Miller DS, Cloven N, Fleming GF, Wahner Hendrickson AE, Azodi M, DiSilvestro P, Oza AM, Cristea M, Berek JS, Chan JK, Rimel BJ, Matei DE, Li Y, Sun K, Luptakova K, Matulonis UA, Monk BJ.
    • Lancet Oncol. 2019 Apr 1. pii: S1470-2045(19)30029-4. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(19)30029-4. [Epub ahead of print]

    Commentary:

    Fighting against the challenge of treating patients with late-line ovarian cancer: are we there yet?

    • RAD51D splice variants and cancer-associated mutations reveal XRCC2 interaction to be critical for homologous recombination.
    • Baldock RA, Pressimone CA, Baird JM, Khodakov A, Luong TT, Grundy MK, Smith CM, Karpenshif Y, Bratton-Palmer DS, Prakash R, Jasin M, Garcin EB, Gon S, Modesti M, Bernstein KA.
    • DNA Repair (Amst). 2019 Apr;76:99-107. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2019.02.008. Epub 2019 Feb 23.
    • PARP inhibitors in ovarian cancer: Sensitivity prediction and resistance mechanisms.
    • Jiang X, Li X, Li W, Bai H, Zhang Z.
    • J Cell Mol Med. 2019 Apr;23(4):2303-2313. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.14133. Epub 2019 Jan 22.
    • Non-NAD-like PARP1 inhibitor enhanced synthetic lethal effect of NAD-like PARP inhibitors against BRCA1-deficient leukemia.
    • Nieborowska-Skorska M, Maifrede S, Ye M, Toma M, Hewlett E, Gordon J, Le BV, Sliwinski T, Zhao H, Piwocka K, Valent P, Tulin AV, Childers W, Skorski T.
    • Leuk Lymphoma. 2019 Apr;60(4):1098-1101. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2018.1520988. Epub 2018 Oct 2.
    • Letter
    • Exploiting DNA repair defects in colorectal cancer.
    • Reilly NM, Novara L, Di Nicolantonio F, Bardelli A.
    • Mol Oncol. 2019 Apr;13(4):681-700. doi: 10.1002/1878-0261.12467. Epub 2019 Mar 2.
    • Targeted blockade of HSP90 impairs DNA-damage response proteins and increases the sensitivity of ovarian carcinoma cells to PARP inhibition.
    • Gabbasov R, Benrubi ID, O'Brien SW, Krais JJ, Johnson N, Litwin S, Connolly DC.
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    Research news:

    Context Matters: RNF168 Connects with PALB2 to Rewire Homologous Recombination in BRCA1 Haploinsufficiency.

    • Polo-like Kinase 1 inhibition as a therapeutic approach to selectively target BRCA1-deficient cancer cells by synthetic lethality induction.
    • Carbajosa S, Pansa MF, Paviolo NS, Castellaro AM, Andino DL, Nigra AD, García IA, Racca AC, Rodriguez-Berdini L, Angiolini V, Guantay L, Villafañez F, Federico MB, Rodríguez-Baili MC, Caputto BL, Drewes G, Madauss KP, Gloger I, Fernandez E, Gil GA, Bocco JL, Gottifredi V, Soria G.
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    • DNA Replication Vulnerabilities Render Ovarian Cancer Cells Sensitive to Poly(ADP-Ribose) Glycohydrolase Inhibitors.
    • Pillay N, Tighe A, Nelson L, Littler S, Coulson-Gilmer C, Bah N, Golder A, Bakker B, Spierings DCJ, James DI, Smith KM, Jordan AM, Morgan RD, Ogilvie DJ, Foijer F, Jackson DA, Taylor SS.
    • Cancer Cell. 2019 Mar 18;35(3):519-533.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.ccell.2019.02.004.
    • TWiST Strengthens PARP Inhibitor Role in Ovarian Cancer.
    • Harrison P.
    • Medscape Oncology. Conference News. 2019 Mar 18.
    • The deubiquitylating enzyme USP15 regulates homologous recombination repair and cancer cell response to PARP inhibitors.
    • Peng Y, Liao Q, Tan W, Peng C, Hu Z, Chen Y, Li Z, Li J, Zhen B, Zhu W, Li X, Yao Y, Song Q, Liu C, Qi X, He F, Pei H.
    • Nat Commun. 2019 Mar 15;10(1):1224. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09232-8.

    Press: New Biomarker Could Expand Effective PARP Inhibitor Treatment Options. (Clinical OMICs)

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    • PARP Inhibitors: Extending Benefit Beyond BRCA Mutant Cancers.
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